February 16

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364 – Roman Emperor Jovian dies after a reign of eight months. He is found dead in his tent at Tyana (Asia Minor) en route back to Constantinople in suspicious circumstances. 1600 – The philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive, for heresy, at Campo de’ Fiori in Rome. 1621 – Myles Standish is appointed as […]

February 15

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1493 – While on board the Niña, Christopher Columbus writes an open letter (widely distributed upon his return to Portugal) describing his discoveries and the unexpected items he came across in the New World. 1862 – American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant attacks Fort Donelson, Tennessee. 1870 – Stevens Institute of Technology is founded […]

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1014 – Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II Roman German Emperor 1076 – Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Roman Emperor Henry IV 1130 – Jewish Cardinal Pietro Pierleone elected as anti-pope Anacletus II 1803 – Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void. 1849 – In […]

February 13

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1258 – Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed. 1566 – St Augustine, Florida founded 1633 – Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun 1693 – College of William & Mary opens in Virginia 1832 – First appearance of cholera […]

February 10

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1098 – Crusaders defeat Prince Redwan of Aleppo at Antioch 1355 – The St. Scholastica’s Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days. 1749 – 10th (final) volume of Fielding’s “Tom Jones” is published 1774 – Andrew Becker demonstrates diving suit 1798 – Louis
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February 8

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1238 – The Mongols burn the Russian city of Vladimir. 1250 – Seventh Crusade: Crusaders engage Ayyubid forces in the Battle of Al Mansurah. 1575 – Leiden University is founded, and given the motto Praesidium Libertatis Protection of Freedom 1587 – Mary, Queen of Scots, is executed on suspicion of having been involved in the […]

February 7

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457 – Leo I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire 1613 – Michail Romanov, at the age of 16, becomes czar of Russia 1639 – Academie Francaise begins Dictionary of French Language 1792 – Austria and Prussia sign anti-French covenant 1795 – 11th Amendment to Constitution ratified, affirms power of states 1812 – 8.2 earthquake […]

February 6

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1508 – Maximilian I crowned Holy Roman Emperor 1778 – France recognizes USA, signs treaty of aid in Paris; first US treaty 1820 – US population announced at 9,638,453 1832 – US ship destroys Sumatran village in retaliation for piracy 1836 – HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reach Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) 1843 – The first minstrel show […]

February 3

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960 – The coronation of Zhao Kuangyin as Emperor Taizu of Song, initiating the Song Dynasty period of China that lasted more than three centuries. 1787 – Shays’ Rebellion (of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers) fails 1824 – J W Goodrich introduces rubber galoshes to public 1899 – Revolt against US occupation of Philippines 1945 – FDR,
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February 2

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1377 – Cardinal Robert of Geneva (anti-pope Clemens VII) starts term 1690 – First paper money in America issued (colony of Massachusetts) 1740 – Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invites Jews to return to Sicily 1825 – Dutch North Sea coast floods 1882 – Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo […]