February 1

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1587 – Queen Elizabeth I of England signs death warrant for Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots 1810 – US Population: 7,239,881 1867 – Bricklayers start working 8-hour days 1892 – Mrs. William Astor invites 400 guests to a grand ball at her mansion thus beginning use of “400” to describe socially elite 1898 – First […]

January 30

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77 – Pope Gregory VII pardons German emperor Henry IV 1487 – Bell chimes invented 1806 – The original Lower Trenton Bridge (also called the Trenton Makes the World Takes Bridge), which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened. 1826 – The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world’s first
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January 27

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98 – Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva. 1593 – Vatican opens 7 year trial against scholar Giordano Bruno. 1825 – U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the “Trail of Tears.” 1902 – 5 workers killed on […]

January 25

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1500 – Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot on Brazil. 1699 – For the first time, the Ottoman Empire permanently cedes territory to the Christian powers. 1700 – The Cascadia earthquake takes place off the west coast of North America, as evidenced by Japanese records. 1841 – James Bremer takes formal […]

January 25

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AD 41 – After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate. 1348 – A strong earthquake strikes the South Alpine region of Friuli in modern Italy, causing considerable damage to buildings as far away as Rome. 1533 – Henry VIII of England secretly marries Anne Boleyn. 1787 – Shays’s […]

January 24

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AD 41 – Roman Emperor Caligula, known for his eccentricity and sadistic despotism, is assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. The Guard then proclaims Caligula’s uncle Claudius as Emperor 1848 – California Gold Rush: James W. Marshall finds gold at Sutter’s Mill near Sacramento. 1916 – In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad Co., the
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January 23

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393 – Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his eight-year-old son Honorius co-emperor. 971 – In China, the war elephant corps of the Southern Han are soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song dynasty troops. 1368 – In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming […]

January 20

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250 – Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome. Pope Fabian is martyred. 1265 – The first English parliament to include not only Lords but also representatives of the major towns holds its first meeting in the Palace of Westminster, now commonly known as the “Houses of Parliament”. 1356 – Edward Balliol […]

January 19

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January 19 1419 – Hundred Years’ War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England, completing his reconquest of Normandy. 1607 – San Agustin Church in Manila is officially completed; it is the oldest church still standing in the Philippines. 1861 – American Civil War: Georgia joins South Carolina, Florida, Mississippi, and Alabama in declaring secession
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January 18

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350 – General Magnentius deposes Roman Emperor Constans and proclaims himself Emperor. 1562 – Pope Pius IV reopens the Council of Trent for its third and final session. 1778 – James Cook is the first known European to discover the Hawaiian Islands, which he names the “Sandwich Islands”. 1788 – The first elements of the […]