Today in History

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1776 – Thomas Hickey, Continental Army private and bodyguard to General George Washington, is hanged for mutiny and sedition. 1841 – The Paris Opera Ballet premieres Giselle in the Salle Le Peletier. 1846 – Adolphe Sax patents the saxophone. 1855 – Sigma Chi fraternity is founded in North America. 1859 – The first conformation dog […]

June 26

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221 – Roman emperor Elagabalus adopts his cousin Alexander Severus as his heir and receives the title of Caesar. 699 – En no Ozuno, a Japanese mystic and apothecary who will later be regarded as the founder of a folk religion Shugendō, is banished to Izu Ōshima. 1407 – Ulrich von Jungingen becomes Grand Master […]

June 23

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1532 – Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France sign a secret treaty against Emperor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. 1611 – The mutinous crew of Henry Hudson’s fourth voyage sets Hudson, his son and seven loyal crew members adrift in an open boat in what is now Hudson Bay; they are never […]

June 20

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451 – Battle of Chalons: Flavius Aetius’ battles Attila the Hun. After the battle, which was inconclusive, Attila retreats, causing the Romans to interpret it as a victory. 1248 – The University of Oxford receives its Royal charter. 1787 – Oliver Ellsworth moves at the Federal Convention to call the government the ‘United States’. 1789
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June 19

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1306 – The Earl of Pembroke’s army defeats Bruce’s Scottish army at the Battle of Methven. 1586 – English colonists leave Roanoke Island, after failing to establish England’s first permanent settlement in North America. 1846 – The first officially recorded, organized baseball game is played under Alexander Cartwright’s rules on
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June 15

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763 BC – Assyrians record a solar eclipse that is later used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history. 1215 – King John of England puts his seal to the Magna Carta. 1502 – Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Martinique on his fourth voyage. 1520 – Pope Leo X threatens to excommunicate Martin […]

June 14

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313 – The Edict of Milan, signed by Constantine the Great and co-emperor Valerius Licinius, granting religious freedom throughout the Roman Empire, is posted in Nicomedia. 1373 – Anglo-Portuguese Alliance between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force. 1381 – The Peasants’
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June 12

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910 – Battle of Augsburg: The Hungarians defeat the East Frankish army under King Louis the Child, using the famous feigned retreat tactic of the nomadic warriors. 1240 – At the instigation of Louis IX of France, an inter-faith debate, known as the Disputation of Paris, starts between a Christian monk and four rabbis. 1429 […]

June 9

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AD 53 – The Roman emperor Nero marries Claudia Octavia. AD 68 – The Roman emperor Nero commits suicide, after quoting Homer’s Iliad, thus ending the Julio-Claudian dynasty and starting the civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors. 721 – Odo of Aquitaine defeats the Moors in the Battle of Toulouse. 1311 […]

June 8

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632 – Muhammad, Islamic prophet, dies in Medina. 793 – Vikings raid the abbey at Lindisfarne in Northumbria, commonly accepted as the beginning of Norse activity in the British Isles. 1042 – Edward the Confessor becomes King of England, one of the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England. 1783 – Laki, a volcano in Iceland, begins […]