September 28

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48 BC – Pompey the Great is assassinated on the orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt. 235 – Pope Pontian resigns. He and Hippolytus, church leader of Rome, are exiled to the mines of Sardinia. 1066 – William the Conqueror invades England beginning the Norman conquest of England. 1538 – Ottoman-Venetian […]

September 27

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1066 – William the Conqueror and his army set sail from the mouth of the River Somme, beginning the Norman conquest of England. 1540 – The Society of Jesus (Jesuits) receives its charter from Pope Paul III. 1590 – Pope Urban VII dies 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the […]

September 26

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46 BC – Julius Caesar dedicates a temple to his mythical ancestor Venus Genetrix in accordance with a vow he made at the battle of Pharsalus. 1087 – William II is crowned King of England, and reigns until 1100. 1580 – Sir Francis Drake finishes his circumnavigation of the Earth. 1687 – The Parthenon in […]

September 25

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275 – In Rome (after the assassination of Aurelian), the Senate proclaims Marcus Claudius Tacitus Emperor. 1066 – The Battle of Stamford Bridge marks the end of the Viking invasions of England. 1237 – England and Scotland sign the Treaty of York, establishing the location of their common border. 1513 – Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez […]

September 22

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904 – The warlord Zhu Quanzhong kills Emperor Zhaozong, the penultimate emperor of the Tang dynasty, after seizing control of the imperial government. 1598 – English playwright Ben Jonson kills actor Gabriel Spenser in a duel and is indicted for manslaughter. 1692 – The last of those convicted of witchcraft in the Salem witch trials […]

September 21

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455 – Emperor Avitus enters Rome with a Gallic army and consolidates his power. 1776 – Part of New York City is burned shortly after being occupied by British forces. 1792 – French Revolution: The National Convention declares France a republic and abolishes the absolute monarchy. 1897 – The “Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa […]

September 20

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622 – Muhammad and Abu Bakr arrive in Medina 1498 – The 1498 Nankai earthquake generates a tsunami that washes away the building housing the statue of the Great Buddha at Kōtoku-in in Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan; since then the Buddha has sat in the open air. 1519 – Ferdinand Magellan sets sail from Sanlúcar de […]

September 19

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335 – Flavius Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle, emperor Constantine I. 1676 – Jamestown is burned to the ground by the forces of Nathaniel Bacon during Bacon’s Rebellion. 1778 – The Continental Congress passes the first United States federal budget. 1796 – George Washington’s Farewell Address is printed across […]

September 18

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1502 – Christopher Columbus lands at Honduras on his fourth, and final, voyage. 1635 – Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II of Austria declares war on France. 1679 – New Hampshire becomes a county of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. 1793 – The first cornerstone of the Capitol building is laid by George Washington. 1812 – The […]

September 15

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668 – Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy. 1440 – Gilles de Rais, one of the earliest known serial killers, is taken into custody upon an accusation brought against him by Jean de Malestroit, Bishop of Nantes. 1616 – The first non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is […]