Today in History November 1

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1512 – The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time.The Sistine Chapel is a chapel in the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Pope, in Vatican City. Originally known as the Cappella Magna, the chapel takes its name from Pope Sixtus IV, who restored […]

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475 – Romulus Augustulus is proclaimed Western Roman Emperor. 1517 – Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg. 1861 – American Civil War: Citing failing health, Union General Winfield Scott resigns as Commander of the United States Army. He was a United States Army general […]

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312 – Battle of the Milvian Bridge: Constantine I defeats Maxentius, becoming the sole Roman emperor in the West. 456 – The Visigoths brutally sack the Suebi’s capital of Braga (Portugal), and the town’s churches are burnt to the ground. 1492 – Christopher Columbus discovered Cuba on his first voyage to the New World. 1886 […]

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312 – Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross. 1275 – Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam. 1553 – Michael Servetus was a Spanish theologian, physician, cartographer and was the first to correctly describe the function of pulmonary circulation. He participated in the Protestant Reformation and was […]

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740 – An earthquake strikes Constantinople and the surrounding countryside, causing destruction to the city’s land walls and buildings. 1774 – The first Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia. 1775 – King George III of Great Britain goes before Parliament to declare the American colonies in rebellion, and authorizes a military response to
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285 (or 286) – Execution of Saints Crispin and Crispinian during the reign of Diocletian, now the patron saints of leather workers, curriers, and shoemakers. 1812 – War of 1812: The American frigate, USS United States, commanded by Stephen Decatur, captures the British frigate HMS Macedonian. 1861 – The Toronto Stock Exchange is created. 1927 […]

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1260 – Chartres Cathedral is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France. Constructed between 1194 and 1250, Chartres is the last of at least five which have occupied the site since the 4th century. The majority of the original stained glass windows survive intact, while the architecture has seen only minor changes […]

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1097 – First Crusade: Crusaders led by Godfrey of Bouillon, Bohemund of Taranto, and Raymond IV, Count of Toulouse, begin the Siege of Antioch. 1520 – Ferdinand Magellan discovers a strait now known as Strait of Magellan. 1600 – Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats the leaders of rival Japanese clans in the Battle of Sekigahara, which marks […]

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1720 – Caribbean pirate ‘Calico Jack’ is captured by the Royal Navy. John “Jack” Rackham was born the day after Christmas in 1682 and was known as ‘Calico Jack’ after the clothing he often wore. He was active during the “Golden Age of Piracy” which lasted from 1650 to 1730 ( And of course, is […]

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202 BC – Second Punic War: At the Battle of Zama, Roman legions under Scipio Africanus defeat Hannibal Barca, leader of the army defending Carthage. 439 – The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa. 1216 – King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry. […]