September 12

On September 12, 1940, the entrance to the Lascaux Cave was discovered by 18 year old Marcel Ravidat. Ravidat, who died in 1995, returned to the scene with three friends, Jacques Marsal, Georges Agnel, and Simon Coencas, and entered the cave via a long shaft. The teenagers discovered that the cave walls were covered with depictions of animalsOn September 12, 1940, the entrance to the Lascaux Cave was discovered by 18 year old Marcel Ravidat. Ravidat, who died in 1995, returned to the scene with three friends, Jacques Marsal, Georges Agnel, and Simon Coencas, and entered the cave via a long shaft. The teenagers discovered that the cave walls were covered with depictions of animals

1609 – Henry Hudson begins his exploration of the Hudson River while aboard the Halve Maen.
1683 – Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna: Several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire.
1857 – The SS Central America sinks about 160 miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, drowning a total of 426 passengers and crew, including Captain William Lewis Herndon. The ship was carrying 13-15 tons of gold from the California Gold Rush.
1910 – Premiere performance of Gustav Mahler’s Symphony No. 8 in Munich, with a chorus of 852 singers and an orchestra of 171 players.
1938 – Adolf Hitler demands autonomy and self-determination for the Germans of the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
1940 – Cave paintings are discovered in Lascaux, France.
1943 – World War II: Benito Mussolini, dictator of Italy, is rescued from house arrest on the Gran Sasso in Abruzzi, by German commando forces led by Otto Skorzeny.
1953 –  John Fitzgerald Kennedy marries Jacqueline Lee Bouvier at St. Mary’s Church in Newport, Rhode Island.
1958 – Jack Kilby demonstrates the first working integrated circuit while working at Texas Instruments.
1959 – The Soviet Union launches a rocket, Lunik II, at the moon.
1962 – President John F. Kennedy reaffirms that the U.S. will put a man on the moon by the end of the decade.
1980 – Military coup in Turkey.
1983 – The USSR vetoes a United Nations Security Council Resolution deploring the Soviet destruction of Korean Air Lines Flight 007.
1988 – Hurricane Gilbert devastates Jamaica; it turns towards Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula two days later, causing an estimated $5 billion in damage.
1992 – NASA launches Space Shuttle Endeavour on STS-47 which marked the 50th shuttle mission. On board are Mae Carol Jemison, the first African-American woman in space, Mamoru Mohri, the first Japanese citizen to fly in a US spaceship, and Mark Lee and Jan Davis, the first married couple in space.
1994 – Frank Eugene Corder fatally crashes a single-engine Cessna 150 into the White House’s south lawn, striking the West wing. There were no other casualties.

 Photo by Jacques Henri Lartigue


Photo by Jacques Henri Lartigue

Births
1492 – Lorenzo de’ Medici, Duke of Urbino (d. 1519)
1818 – Richard Jordan Gatling, inventor, invented the Gatling gun (d. 1903)
1880 – H. L. Mencken, American journalist and critic (d. 1956)
1888 – Maurice Chevalier, French actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1972)
1891 – Arthur Hays Sulzberger, American publisher (d. 1968)
1892 – Alfred A. Knopf, Sr., founded Alfred A. Knopf Inc. (d. 1984)
1898 – Ben Shahn, Lithuanian-American painter and photographer (d. 1969)
1939 – Phillip Ramey, American pianist and composer
1953 – Nan Goldin, American photographer
Deaths
1213 – Peter II of Aragon (b. 1174)
1362 – Pope Innocent VI (b. 1295)
1961 – Carl Hermann, German physicist and academic (b. 1898)
1977 – Steve Biko, South African activist (b. 1946)
1986 – Jacques Henri Lartigue, French painter and photographer (b. 1894)
2000 – Stanley Turrentine, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1934)
2003 – Johnny Cash, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1932)
2008 – David Foster Wallace, American novelist, short story writer, and essayist (b. 1962)

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