1338 – The Battle of Arnemuiden was the first naval battle of the Hundred Years’ War and the first naval battle using artillery, as the English ship Christofer had three cannon and one hand gun.
1641 – The Merchant Royal, carrying a treasure of over 100,000 pounds of gold (worth over £1 billion today), is lost at sea off Land’s End.
1845 – The Knickerbockers Baseball Club, the first baseball team to play under the modern rules, is founded in New York
1889 – Nintendo Koppai (later Nintendo Company, Limited) is founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda.
1905 – Norway and Sweden sign the “Karlstad treaty”, peacefully dissolving the Union between the two countries.
1911 – Pilot Earle Ovington makes the first official airmail delivery in America under the authority of the United States Post Office Department
1647 – Joseph Dudley, English politician, Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay
1851 – Ellen Hayes, American mathematician and astronomer (d. 1930)
1889 – Walter Lippmann, American journalist and publisher, co-founded The New Republic (d. 1974)
1907 – Herbert Kappler, German SS officer (d. 1978)
1920 – Mickey Rooney, American actor, singer, director, and producer (d. 2014)
1193 – Robert de Sablé, French knight
1764 – Robert Dodsley, English poet and playwright (b. 1703)
1939 – Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist (b. 1856)
1992 – James Van Fleet, American general (b. 1892)