Today in History July 19

The Great Fires of Rome and New York City on this Day in History

The Great New York City Fire of 1845 was the last of three particularly devastating fires that affected the heart of Manhattan, the other two occurring in 1776 and 1835.The Great New York City Fire of 1845 was the last of three particularly devastating fires that affected the heart of Manhattan, the other two occurring in 1776 and 1835.
*AD 64 – The Great Fire of Rome causes widespread devastation and rages on for six days, destroying half of the city.
*1545 – The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth; in 1982 the wreck is salvaged in one of the most complex and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology.
*1553 – Lady Jane Grey is replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after only nine days on the throne.
*1701 – Representatives of the Iroquois Confederacy sign the Nanfan Treaty, ceding a large territory north of the Ohio River to England.
*1843 – Brunel’s steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull and screw propeller, becoming the largest vessel afloat in the world.

 

The fire started at about 2:30 a.m. on the third floor of J. L. Van Doren, Oil Merchant and Stearin Candle Manufacturer, known as a seller of whale oil, at 34 New Street, and spread quickly to adjoining buildings

 

*1845 – Great New York City Fire of 1845: The last great fire to affect Manhattan began early in the morning and was subdued that afternoon. The fire killed four firefighters, 26 civilians, and destroyed 345 buildings.
*1900 – The first line of the Paris Metro opens for operation.
*1943 – World War II: Rome is heavily bombed by more than 500 Allied aircraft, inflicting thousands of casualties.
*1977 – The world’s first Global Positioning System (GPS) signal was transmitted from Navigation Technology Satellite 2 (NTS-2) and received at Rockwell Collins in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, at 12:41 a.m. Eastern time (ET).
*1979 – The Sandinista rebels overthrow the government of the Somoza family in Nicaragua.
*1981 – In a private meeting with President Ronald Reagan, French President Francois Mitterrand reveals the existence of the Farewell Dossier, a collection of documents showing the Soviet Union had been stealing American technological research and development.
*1983 – The first three-dimensional reconstruction of a human head in a CT is published.
Births
*810 – Muhammad al-Bukhari, Persian scholar (d. 870)
*1789 – John Martin, English painter, engraver, and illustrator (d. 1854)
*1814 – Samuel Colt,  founded the Colt’s Manufacturing Company (d. 1862)
*1860 – Lizzie Borden, tried and acquitted for the murders of her parents in 1892 (d. 1927)
*1922 – George McGovern, American lieutenant, historian, and politician (d. 2012)
*1956 – Mark Crispin, American computer scientist, designed the IMAP (d. 2012)
Deaths
*1374 – Petrarch, Italian poet and scholar (b. 1304)
*1965 – Syngman Rhee, journalist and politician, 1st President of South Korea (b. 1875)
*2009 – Frank McCourt, American author and educator (b. 1930)
*2012 – Mohammad Hassan Ganji, Iranian meteorologist and academic (b. 1912)
*2016 – Garry Marshall, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1934)

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