1460 – University of Basel forms
1655 – Battle at Postage Farina, Tunis: English fleet beats Barbary pirates
1814 – Napoleon abdicates for the first time in favour of his son.
1850 – City of Los Angeles incorporated
1866 – Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt in the city of Kiev.
1887 – Susanna Medora Salter elected first woman mayor, Argonia, Kansas
1896 – Announcement of Gold in Yukon
1905 – Earthquake in Kangra, India, kills 20,000
1918 – Battle of Somme ends
The Battle of the Somme was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British and French empires against the German Empire in 1916. More than three million men fought in this battle and one million men were wounded or killed, making it one of the bloodiest battles in human history.
1918 – Food riot in Amsterdam
1932 – George Bernard Shaw’s “Too True to be Good” premieres in NYC
1932 – Vitamin C first isolated, CC King, Univ of Pittsburgh
1933 – US Dirigible Akron crashes off coast of NJ, 73 die
1960 – Senegal declares independence from France
1968 – Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated. ( he was 39.)
He was in Memphis supporting striking African American sanitation workers and had given his famous speech the night before at the Mason Temple:
“And then I got to Memphis. And some began to say the threats… or talk about the threats that were out. What would happen to me from some of our sick white brothers?
Well, I don’t know what will happen now. We’ve got some difficult days ahead. But it doesn’t matter with me now. Because I’ve been to the mountaintop. And I don’t mind. Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. Longevity has its place. But I’m not concerned about that now. I just want to do God’s will. And He’s allowed me to go up to the mountain. And I’ve looked over. And I’ve seen the promised land.
I may not get there with you. But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people, will get to the promised land! And so I’m happy, tonight. I’m not worried about anything. I’m not fearing any man. My eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord!”
In the civil case Coretta Scott King v. Loyd Jowers in 1999, a jury found that King had been the victim of assassination by a conspiracy involving the Memphis police as well as federal agencies.
1969 – Denton Cooley gets 1st temporary artificial heart
1972 – First electric power plant fueled by garbage begins operating
1974 – Hank Aaron ties Babe Ruth’s record by hitting his 714th homer.
1975 – Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen.
1984 – Winston Smith in Orwell’s “1984” begins his secret diary
1990 – Security law violator Ivan Boesky is released from federal custody
2012 – German Nobel Laureat, Gunter Grass, publishes controversial poem that claims Israel is plotting to wipe out Iran
2013 – Poecilotheria rajaei, a giant tarantula with a 20cm (nearly 8 inches) leg span, is discovered in Sri Lanka
1821 – Linus Yale, portrait painter/inventor (Yale cylinder lock)
1823 – Karl Wilhelm Siemens, inventor (laid undersea cables)
1895 – Arthur Murray, dancer
1913 – Muddy Waters, McKinley Morganfield, American blues guitarist
1406 – Robert III, King of Scots (1390-1406), dies
1883 – Peter Cooper, industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (b. 1791)
1900 – Edward VII, King, assassinated
1972 – Adam Clayton Powell Jr, (Rep-D-NY), dies at 63
1979 – Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Pakistani president, hanged in Pakistan at 51
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