The rail car was loaded onto a truck bound for Battery Park City
after its transatlantic voyage.
(Editor’s Note: The author, David Cohen, is a 36-year resident of Battery Park City and the co-founder of Masterpiece International, a firm based in Lower Manhattan that specializes in transporting fine art objects for most of the world’s major museums, galleries, auction houses and private collectors. In this capacity, he helped manage the recent transfer from Europe of the rail car that is now on display outside the Museum of Jewish Heritage. This freight wagon was used for the deportation of Jews to ghettos and extermination camps during the Holocaust, and the experience of bringing it to New York prompted the following reflection.)
In nearly 40 years of involvement in logistics, almost all of it in the field of fine art transportation, participating in this move was professionally the most significant, and personally the most emotional, project I have ever undertaken.
The rail car is on loan from Musealia, to an exhibition services company in Spain, which is co-sponsoring the new exhibition, “Auschwitz: Not Long Ago, Not Far Away,” with the Museum of Jewish Heritage. Thus, the railcar was shipped from Valencia to Port Newark on a container ship, after the close of the exhibition in Spain. Our agent in Europe organized the export formalities and ocean transport. The railcar was moved on what is known as a “flat rack container” (meaning it has no side sides), because it was too large to fit within the standard, 40-foot unit that is typical on cargo vessels. Due to the importance and fragility of the railcar, special dispensation was made to carry the flat rack container “below deck” on the container ship, in order to limit its exposure to the elements during transit, which took approximately 15 days on the open seas.
The Masterpiece International team at Port Newark: (left to right) Vlad Fruman, Sirena Maxfield, David Cohen, Peter Galbraitat
Once the ship arrived at Port Newark, we began the U.S. Customs clearance procedure. Next, we organized the domestic transport logistics from the port to the museum, along with the on-site installation process, in partnership with a Marshall Fine Arts, a company that specializes in the rigging and installation of large-scale artwork around the country. Their expertise and knowledge were critically important for the safe handling of the railcar.
The result of months of planning for this move are now on view outside of the Museum of Jewish Heritage. There are also many additional artifacts on loan for the “Auschwitz: Not Long Ago, Not Far Away” exhibition. They include uniforms worn by Jewish prisoners at Auschwitz, their personal belongings, original artifact barracks, and other melancholy reminders from one of the darkest chapters in human history.
All of these would be evocative and moving enough without a direct connection to the history recalled by this exhibition. But for me, this subject is not academic or theoretical. It is personal. My grandfather, born Yusel Kaganovich (which was anglicized to Joseph Cohen), set out from Vilnius, Lithuania, in 1914, coming ashore at Ellis Island as a boy of 15. He was accompanied by his brother and sister. Together, they were hoping to make enough money to bring the rest of their family to the “new world.” My grandfather came with ten dollars, and not a word of English. Sponsored by an older brother living in Brooklyn, he apprenticed as a tailor and embarked on that trans-generational saga — universal in its arc but always unique in its particulars — that has come to be known as, “the American dream.”
The rail car being unloaded in front of the museum
But such dreams take time, and there wasn’t time enough for my grandfather’s relatives who remained in Lithuania. In June, 1941, Nazi tanks rolled into Vilnius. Within 72 hours, the newly arrived German occupiers began organizing pogroms, in which dozens, then hundreds of Lithuanian Jews were massacred in the streets. Before a week had passed, the death toll climbed into the thousands. And this was before the mechanized, assembly-line murder that is recalled by “Auschwitz: Not Long Ago, Not Far Away” got under way. In the 1,316 days that the Germans occupied Lithuania, more than 90 percent of the country’s prewar Jewish population of more than 200,000 would be murdered. In proportional terms, this is a higher death toll than was suffered by any other nation in which the Holocaust was perpetrated. Sadly, many of my grandfather’s family were among those victims.
It is the rail car that was once used to deliver countless, nameless victims to their cruel fate, but now serves as an eloquent attestation to our shared resolve never to forget, and never to allow this crime to be repeated. I am awed that this relic sits a few steps from my home. And I am deeply honored that I helped put it there.