1279 BC – Ramesses II (The Great) (19th dynasty) becomes pharaoh of Egypt. 455 – Emperor Petronius Maximus is stoned to death by an angry mob while fleeing Rome. 1578 – King Henry III lays the first stone of the Pont Neuf (New Bridge), the oldest bridge of Paris, France. 1790 – The United States enacts its first copyright statute, the Copyright Act of 1790. 1859 – The clock tower at the Houses of Parliament, which houses Big Ben, starts keeping time. 1879 – Gilmores Garden in New York City is renamed Madison Square Garden by William Henry Vanderbilt and is opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue. 1889 – Johnstown Flood: Over 2,200 people die after a dam fails and sends a 60-foot (18-meter) wall of water over the town of Johnstown, Pennsylvania. 1911 – The hull of the ocean liner RMS Titanic is launched. 1927 – The last Ford Model T rolls off the assembly line after a production run of 15,007,003 vehicles. 1929 – The first talking Mickey Mouse cartoon, “The Karnival Kid“, is released. 1942 – World War II: Imperial Japanese Navy midget submarines begin a series of attacks on Sydney, Australia. 1977 – The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System is completed. 2005 – Vanity Fair reveals that Mark Felt was Deep Throat.
1683 – Jean-Pierre Christin, French physicist, mathematician, and astronomer, invented the Celsius thermometer (d. 1755) 1819 – Walt Whitman, American poet, essayist, and journalist(d. 1892) 1852 – Julius Richard Petri, German microbiologist, invented the Petri dish (d. 1921) 1923 – Ellsworth Kelly, American painter and sculptor (d. 2015) 1930 – Clint Eastwood, American actor, director, and producer 1938 – Peter Yarrow, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
455 – Petronius Maximus, Roman emperor (b. 396) 1837 – Joseph Grimaldi, English comedian and actor, created the clown (b. 1779) 1983 – Jack Dempsey, American boxer (b. 1895)