1450 – Jack Cade’s Rebellion-Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI
1541 – Hernando de Soto discovers Mississippi River
1784 – Only known deaths by hailstones in US in Winnsborough South Carolina
1792 – US establishes military draft
1847 – Scot Robert Thompson patents rubber tyre
1878 – First unassisted triple play in organized baseball, by Paul Hines
1879 – George Selden files for first patent for a gasoline-driven automobile
1919 – Edward George Honey first proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I, which later results in the creation of Remembrance Day.
1926 – First flight over North Pole by Bennett and Byrd.
1933 – Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against British oppression in India.
1942 – Aircraft carrier USS Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack in Coral Sea
1942 – German summer offensive opens in Crimea
1945 – V-E Day; Germany signs unconditional surrender, WW II ends in Europe
1958 – VP Nixon is shoved, stoned, booed by protesters in Peru
1963 – JFK offers Israel assistance against aggression
1967 – Muhammad Ali is indicted for refusing induction in US Army
1979 – Radio Shack releases TRSDOS 2.3
1987 – Gary Hart quits democratic presidential race because of Donna Rice affair
1988 – Mike Tyson crashes his $183,000 Bently on Varick Street
1993 – 16 year old Keron Thomas disguises himself as a motorman and takes NYC subway train and 2,000 passengers on a 3 hour ride
1326 – Joanna I of Auvergne, queen of France (d. 1360)
1753 – Phillis Wheatley, American poet who was both the second published African-American poet and first published African-American woman.
1846 – Oscar Hammerstein, Germany, opera/playwright (Kohinoor)
1884 – Harry Truman, 33rd US President (D) (1945-1953), (d. 1972)
1926 – Don Rickles, Queens NY, comedian
1928 – Theodore Sorenson, presidential advisor and author
1940 – Peter Benchley, novelist (Jaws, The Deep), (d. 2006)
1945 – Keith Jarrett, jazz musician/film composer
1725 – John Lovewell, US indian fighter, dies in battle
1904 – Eadweard Muybridge, English photographer (horse trot), die
We’ve all seen the galloping horse image of Eadweard Muybridge. The study is called Sallie Gardner at a Gallop or The Horse in Motion.
Born in Kingston upon Thames England in 1830, Mr. Muybridge arrived in San Francisco in 1855, a few years into the Gold Rush. He came a successful book dealer and in 1860, leaving his brother to run the business and having just missed a vessel leaving for England, he decided to take the land route to the East Coast. However somewhere in Texas, his stagecoach was involved in an off-road excursion slamming into a tree and severely injuring him and the rest of the passengers. Rehab in Arkansas and then New York, he then sailed for England. However by 1867 he was back in San Francisco.
He led a colorful life. One evening in 1874 he traveled to a small town north of San Fransisco named Calistoga, knocked onthe door of his wife’s lover and said “Good evening, Major, my name is Muybridge and here’s the answer to the letter you sent my wife” and then shot him dead. Muybridge was arrested and tried for murder but was acquitted on the grounds of
Sallie Gardner at a Gallop
In 1872 the former governor Leland Stanford hired Muybridge to settle the question about whether all four feet of a horse were off the ground during a gallop. Artists up until that day were unsure and always painted one foot touching the ground. With the study of the Horse in Motion, the matter was settled. Sometime after that, Muybrudge and Stanford had a falling out after Stanford published a book about Animal Locomotion and didn’t give Muybridge proper credit. After that Muybridge headed east and spent years at the University of Pennsylvania and conducting hundreds of photo studies of animals and human in motion.
1982 – Gilles Villeneuve, Canadian auto racer, dies in an accident
1995 – Jerry Zipkin, socialite, dies at 80
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