1671 – Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal England’s Crown Jewels from the Tower of London.
1763 – The Siege of Fort Detroit begins during Pontiac’s War against British forces.
1873 – Der Krach: Vienna stock market crash heralds the Long Depression.
1874 – The first horse-drawn bus makes its début in the city of Mumbai, traveling two routes.
1904 – The steam locomotive City of Truro becomes the first steam engine in Europe to exceed 100 mph (160 km/h).
1950 – Robert Schuman presents his proposal on the creation of an organized Europe, which according to him was indispensable to the maintenance of peaceful relations. This proposal, known as the “Schuman Declaration”, is considered by some people to be the beginning of the creation of what is now the European Union.
1970 – Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 75,000 to 100,000 war protesters demonstrate in front of the White House.
1974 – Watergate scandal: The United States House Committee on the Judiciary opens formal and public impeachment hearings against President Richard Nixon.
1837 – Adam Opel, German engineer, founded the Opel Company (d. 1895)
1874 – Howard Carter, English archaeologist and historian (d. 1939)
1909 – Gordon Bunshaft, American architect, designed the Solow Building (d. 1990)
1918 – Mike Wallace, American journalist, media personality and one-time game show host (d. 2012)
1921 – Daniel Berrigan, American priest, poet, and activist (d. 2016)
1942 – John Ashcroft, 79th United States Attorney General
1945 – Steve Katz, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
1946 – Candice Bergen, American actress and producer
1949 – Billy Joel, American singer-songwriter and pianist
1914 – C. W. Post, American businessman, founded Post Foods (b. 1854)
1935 – Ernst Bresslau, German zoologist (b. 1877)
1978 – Aldo Moro, 38th Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1916)
1986 – Tenzing Norgay, Nepalese mountaineer (b. 1914)
Edited from various sources including historyorb.com, the NYTimes.com Wikipedia and other internet searches