|1512 – The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time.|
1520 – The Strait of Magellan is discovered and navigated by European explorer Ferdinand Magellan during the first recorded circumnavigation voyage.
1604 – William Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello is performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London. Seven years later The Tempest is performed for the first time at the same place.
1683 – The British Crown colony of New York is subdivided into twelve counties.
1765 – The British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the Thirteen Colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America.
1790 – Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he predicts that the French Revolution will end in a disaster.
1848 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, Boston Female Medical School opens.
1870 – In the United States, the Weather Bureau, later renamed the National Weather Service, makes its first official meteorological forecast.
1897 – The first Library of Congress building opens its doors to the public.
1916 – In Russia, Pavel Milyukov delivers in the State Duma the famous “stupidity or treason” speech, precipitating the downfall of the government of Boris Stürmer.
1918 – The worst rapid transit accident in US history occurs under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn, New York City, with at least 102 deaths.
1950 – Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman at Blair House.
1849 – William Merritt Chase, American painter and educator (d. 1916)
1887 – L.S. Lowry, English painter and illustrator (d. 1976)
1894 – Alexander III of Russia (b. 1845)
1993 – Severo Ochoa, Spanish-American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
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