1590 – John White, the governor of the second Roanoke Colony, returns to England after an unsuccessful search for the “lost” colonists.
1851 – William Lassell discovers the moons Umbriel, and Ariel, orbiting Uranus.
1861 – The first transcontinental telegraph line across the United States is completed.
1871 – An estimated twenty Chinese immigrants were tortured and lynched in the Chinese Massacre of 1871 in Los Angeles, California.
1901 – Annie Edson Taylor becomes the first person to go over Niagara Fallsin a barrel.
1926 – Harry Houdini‘s last performance takes place at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit.
1929 – “Black Thursday” stock market crash on the New York Stock Exchange.
1931 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates the George Washington Bridge, the longest suspension bridge in the world at the time. It was opened to traffic the next day. In 1958, city officials decided to increase the capacity of the bridge by adding the lower level, which some call the “Martha Washington” while the New York Times called it “a masterpiece of traffic engineering”.
1946 – A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket takes the first photograph of earth from outer space.
Annie Edison Taylor and her barrel
1975 – In Iceland, 90% of women take part in a national strike, refusing to work in protest of gaps in gender equality.
2003 – Concorde makes its last commercial flight.
2008 – “Bloody Friday” saw many of the world’s stock exchanges experience the worst declines in their history, with drops of around 10% in most indices.
1854 – Hendrik Willem Bakhuis Roozeboom, Dutch chemist and academic (d. 1907)
1852 – Daniel Webster, American lawyer and politician, 14th United States Secretary of State (b. 1782)