1616 – Galileo Galilei is formally banned by the Roman Catholic Church from teaching or defending the view that the earth orbits the sun.
1775 – The British East India Company factory on Balambangan Island is destroyed by Moro pirates
1815 – Napoleon Bonaparte escapes from Elba.
1876 – Japan and Korea sign a treaty granting Japanese citizens extraterritoriality rights, opening three ports to Japanese trade, and ending Korea’s status as a tributary state of Qing dynasty China.
1914 – HMHS Britannic, sister to the RMS Titanic, is launched at Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast.
1919 – President Woodrow Wilson signs an act of Congress establishing the Grand Canyon National Park.
1929 – President Calvin Coolidge signs an executive order establishing the 96,000 acre Grand Teton National Park in Wyoming..
1966 – Apollo program: Launch of AS-201, the first flight of the Saturn IB rocket
1987 – Iran–Contra affair: The Tower Commission rebukes President Ronald Reagan for not controlling his national security staff.
1993 – World Trade Center bombing: A truck bomb parked below the North Tower of the World Trade Center explodes, killing six and injuring over a thousand people
1564 – Christopher Marlowe, English playwright, poet and translator (d. 1593)
1802 – Victor Hugo, French author, poet, and playwright (d. 1885)
1829 – Levi Strauss founded Levi Strauss & Co. (d. 1902)
1866 – Herbert Henry Dow, Canadian-American businessman, founded the Dow Chemical Company (d. 1930)
1908 – Tex Avery, American animator, producer, and voice actor (d. 1980)
1916 – Jackie Gleason, American actor and singer (d. 1987)
1928 – Ariel Sharon, 11th Prime Minister of Israel (d. 2014)
1932 – Johnny Cash, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 2003)
1954 – Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Turkish politician, 12th President of Turkey
1275 – Margaret of England, Queen consort of Scots (b. 1240
1813 – Robert R. Livingston, American lawyer and politician, 1st United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs (b. 1746)