Lower Manhattan’s Local News
A Bridge Too Few
Community Leader Rallies Support to Halt Planned Demolition of Pedestrian Span Over West Side Highway
A Battery Park City resident and community leader is mobilizing support to preserve the Rector Street Bridge, the pedestrian span that is slated for demolition as a newer overpass at nearby West Thames Street (which unofficially opened in September) is gradually integrated into the local streetscape.
Bob Schneck spoke during the public comment session of the Battery Park City Authority (BPCA) board meeting on Tuesday, pointing to a petition drive he has spearheaded, and noting that, “I have collected more than 1,800 signatures by residents who want to keep the bridge. Rector Street lines up with almost every subway line in Lower Manhattan, and ferries on both ends.”
“I’ve also done surveys and counted people crossing the bridge,” Mr. Schneck continued. “I know now that about 214 people per hour use the bridge on a typical weekday afternoon. Of all the people crossing, 60 percent are residents and 35 to 40 percent are workers.”
“Of these,” he noted, “only 30 percent knew that the bridge might come down. And even among this group, almost nobody said they were willing to use the new bridge. They admitted that crossing West Street at Albany Street, at ground level, is dangerous. But most of them would prefer this to walking two blocks out of the way and two blocks back.”
These comments echo those of other concerned residents. At the September 24 meeting of the BPCA board, Nancy Wann said, “Our family, like many families in the Battery Park City community, relies heavily on the Rector Street Bridge. It’s not a convenience, but a safe means to get to and from one side and the other.” She noted that dozens of children cross the span each day to play in West Thames Park, which has a large lawn beneath the Rector Street Bridge.
If the overpass is demolished, Ms. Wann predicted, “people will be running across the West Side Highway, and there’ll be unnecessary accidents. So we just request respectfully that you consider not taking down the bridge.”
She added that, “a lot of financial resources will go into taking down the bridge. So if all that money is going toward taking down the bridge, we respectfully request that you take the money to invest it into making it a stronger bridge, so that it could last for a longer period of time.” This was a reference to the fact that the City’s Economic Development Corporation (EDC) has budgeted $3.8 million in federal funds to cover the cost of demolishing the Rector Street Bridge, which is $300,000 more than the span cost to build in 2002.
The Rector Street Bridge was originally constructed on an expedited basis, as a temporary way for residents to access Battery Park City in the wake of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, when most other routes in and out of the community were blocked. Initially slated to be demolished within two years of its opening, it was given a new lease on life by the BPCA a decade ago, when the Authority shored up the structure by removing half of its width, which enabled the footings beneath to support the remaining structure’s weight more easily.
At the September BPCA board meeting, Authority chair George Tsunis replied to Ms. Wann, “would it be disrespectful if I pointed out that there’s a brand new bridge immediately next to it?”
She answered, “we’re aware of the bridge and we’ve been on it. But so many people rely on this specific bridge. It’s a bit of a walk for us to go down by the tunnel. A lot of people did not even know that the Rector Street Bridge was even going to come down and a lot of people moved into the neighborhood not knowing that the bridge was going to come down. They see it as an easy means to get to the Financial District,” and the subways beyond.
“May I respectfully ask what is the current plan for the bridge?” Ms. Wann pressed.
Mr. Tsunis replied, “I’m going to respectfully point you in the direction of the New York [State] Department of Transportation, who has ownership of it. And although I think this is wonderful awareness for our community, and I appreciate you coming down and sharing your thoughts, it’s their decision.”
These concerns are echoed by City Council member Margaret Chin, who said in an August 9 letter to EDC president James Patchett, “I write to join residents of Battery Park City to call on the EDC, the BPCA and Manhattan Community Board One to reconsider the demolition of the Rector Street Bridge. Connecting the bustling commercial hub of the Financial District with Battery Park City, the Rector Street Bridge provides a vital and safe pathway for pedestrians to cross both the West Side Highway and the bicycle greenway. The bridge also offers residents, tourists and workers with easy and safe access to more than ten subway lines.”
Ms. Chin continued, “since its construction in 2002 at the cost of $3.5 million, the Rector Street Pedestrian Bridge remains one of the best returns on investment in the area. With the West Side Highway remaining one of the most heavily utilized thoroughfares in New York City, this bridge has dramatically reduced the safety risk for pedestrians — especially the seniors and children who cross it every day to go to school or their neighborhood community center. If New York City is to achieve its Vision Zero goals, then the Rector Street Pedestrian Bridge should be preserved and renovated, not demolished.”
She concluded, “while I understand that the demolition of the Rector Street Pedestrian Bridge was part of the discussion around the construction of the West Thames Bridge, I urge you to delay the demolition and join my office in starting a community engagement process that weighs all options and alternatives.”
This goal is seconded by Mr. Schneck, who says, “what we’re asking for, instead of the bridge coming down in the next few months, is that we have a period of public engagement. Don’t take my word for the fact that people care about this, but actually find out what the community really wants. Because the only way you find out the value of something is by asking.”
The Subtle Art of Not Giving A Shoot
Chin Pushes Legislation to Rein in Production Permits
City Council member Margaret Chin is co-sponsoring a package of bills to clamp down on rampant film and television production in Lower Manhattan.
Although the new laws, if enacted, will have City-wide effect, their impact would be especially significant in the square mile below Chambers Street, where dozens of movies and TV shows commandeer local streets (sometimes for days at a time) each year.
Re: Storefront vacancies
It is hard to accept the local politicians that want to limit the business in Manhattan.
Both the proposed limits on movie production and the new traffic proposals by the City Council speaker. I live in Battery Park City and over the past year remember more than one movie production in the area.
Given the limited available parking in BPC and Soho allowing movie production to take parking and non-parking space is not a burden. I believe the economic benefit to the local areas and the city are of greater value. Both proposals will result in a loss that will cost the City tax payers. it is sad that the politicians don’t care about economic viability of the city.
Re: Storefront vacancies
While I do not dispute any of the claims regarding the store owners’ challenges, but I was disappointed that the article did not note that all of the photographed vacant storefronts had stairs or a step that made them inaccessible to shoppers or diners with a wheeled device.
As someone who relies on a scooter for mobility, I find that Lower Manhattan, and especially the zip code that your highlight, excludes me with stairs, hard to open doors, especially if I must stop on a ramped threshold, hard to navigate indoor space and displays, inaccessible restrooms, etc.
It should not be a surprise why people like me shop online or frequent chain locations, use food delivery services and ride share apps; small businesses exclude or overly challenge those of us with wheeled devices.
I do not wish harm to the business owners or taxi drivers, but those of us who cannot climb stairs, open heavy doors, perch on inclines and are too short and curb restricted to flag down taxis are happy that we have finally been recognized as customers with money to spend and needs to meet.
As the population ages and more families bring strollers with them, business owners and city policy makers really need to rethink this issue. Encouraging businesses without encouraging accessible and inclusive spaces would be bad policy and likely to fail.
I am fully in support of Gale Brewer’s proposal to tax building owners who leave storefronts vacant for long periods.
We have too many in our own and nearby neighborhoods.
Maybe, building owners pay less tax on an unproductive property, so charging them something on unrented space could provide some necessary motivation.
I will let my CouncilMember know my opinion on this issue, and hope others in the community consider doing the same.
Maryanne P. Braverman
It All Comes Down to This Moment
In an era when monied parents are being sent to jail for buying seats at prestigious universities for their already-privileged kids, New York City’s sometimes-controversial Specialized High Schools offer one hard-to-refute virtue.
The only way past the front door is via a competitive examination, meaning that every kid gets a seat the old-fashioned way: by earning it.
One such aspirant is shown above, studying up to the last possible second, before being ushered in to take that exam, at Stuyvesant High School, an institution that has served as an incubator of achievement and engine of upward mobility for New York City kids for more than a century, producing four Nobel laureates (two in Physiology/Medicine and one each in Economics and Chemistry) since 1904.
What’s In Store?
Amid a Booming Economy, Lower Manhattan Retail Space Languishes
A new report from City Comptroller Scott Stringer finds that in one Lower Manhattan zip code — 10013, which covers parts of western Tribeca SoHo, and the Canal Street corridor in Chinatown — there are 319 empty retail spaces, comprising almost 300,000 square feet of unused property. To read more…
The Battery Park City Dog Association would like to thank the following people and businesses for participating in and donating to our 18th Annual BPC Halloween Puppy Parade on October 26th:
Phil Castiglia and Judy Passer of Le Pet Spa, our Co-Hosts and the provider of the top prizes.
All of the fantastic participants in the parade, both human and canine for their enthusiasm, creativity and support for our annual community event;
Dave Casanova of Casanova Animal Care; Cove Nails; Downtown Veterinary Hospital; Gristedes; ; Inatteso Pizzabar Casano; Merchants River House Restaurant; Miramar Mediterranean Seafood Restaurant; New Fresh Cleaners; Stanley’s Cobbler Shop and The Vince Smith Hair Experience.
Also a huge thanks to our esteemed judges: Rena, Rich and Sheila.
And of course, thank you to the BPCA for issuing our permit and to Bruno Pomponio for making our judging area safe and clean.
Pictures of the winners and the event can be seen at: www.bpcdogs.org.
Paula and Jeff Galloway
October 31, 2019
Charlas Sobre la Ofrenda del Día de Los Muertos/Day of the Dead Altar Talks
One Bowling Green
National Museum of the American Indian
Join museum Cultural Interpreter Carrie Gonzalez as she discusses the significance of the Día de Los Muertos altar.
Pipes at One
St. Paul’s Chapel
Figure Al Fresco
Haunted History Tour of Fraunces Tavern
Fraunces Tavern Museum
Candlelight Baroque: Breathtaking
St. Paul’s Chapel
Putting the Tension in Detention
City Council Approves de Blasio Controversial Plan for New Jail Complex in Lower Manhattan; Legal Challenges Likely
The administration of Mayor Bill de Blasio won City Council approval on October 17 for a modified version of its controversial plan to erect a new, skyscraper prison in Lower Manhattan, as part of a wider scheme to close the City’s notorious detention complex on Rikers Island, and replace it with four, large “borough-based jail” facilities-one in each county, except Staten Island.
At the session during which the plan was approved, City Council member Margaret Chin said, “to my constituents-I hear you.
Eyes To the Sky
October 28 – November 10
Worldview: Origin of our Sun, solar system, ourselves
During the dark time of year here in the northeast, our visual environment is more of the moon and stars than earthly phenomena. In this “Eyes to the Sky”, as in a post a few weeks ago, I offer you the opportunity to reflect on the natural world as revealed to us by astronomers and astrophotographers. I have the pleasure of presenting the words and images of astrophotographer and educator Terry Hancock, the creator of “Fly Like an Eagle” , the nebula image featured above. To read more…
by Judy Isacoff
Things That Make You Go ‘Hmm…’
Lawsuit Over Similarity Between One World Trade and Architecture Student’s Design Moves Ahead
One thing is reasonably certain: In 1999, Jeehoon Park, then a student at the Illinois Institute of Technology’s College of Architecture, created a design for a very tall building with a large square base tapering to a smaller square top. In Mr. Park’s vision, the square formed by the roof was rotated 45 degrees relative to the one at the ground level, so that the center-points on each side of the quadrilateral below corresponded to the corners of the one above, and vice versa. And instead of four vertical walls, the structure’s facade consisted of eight elongated triangles.
That structure was never built. Or was it?
You Can Hit-and-Run,
But You Can’t Hide
Driver Alleged to Have Run Over Tribeca Pedestrian in May Indicted for Separate Manhattan Traffic Death
The New York County District Attorney’s Office has indicted Jessenia Fajardo, a resident of the upstate town of Walden in two separate incidents involving reckless driving that caused injury to pedestrians. The more serious of these took place on July 19, when Ms. Fajardo is accused of having run a red light on the Upper West Side and then slamming into an elderly couple in a crosswalk. One of these pedestrians, 62-year-old Alfred Pocari, was killed, while the second (whose name has not been released) was seriously injured.
When police took Ms. Fajardo into custody at the scene of the July incident, they discovered that she was also involved in a similar (albeit less gravely serious) incident two months earlier. To read more…
Adding Insult to Penury
Ridership Survey Indicates That Ferry Coming Soon to Battery Park City Primarily Serves Affluent Riders
An analysis of who uses the NYC Ferry service, which the administration of Mayor Bill de Blasio plans to expand to Battery Park City next year, shows that riders are primarily white passengers who earn more money than average New Yorkers.
Out of Their Depth
Volleyball Players Rescued from Hudson, After Jumping Into River to Retrieve Ball
Two young men were pulled from the waters of the Hudson River on Saturday morning, after jumping from the Battery Park City Esplanade to retrieve a volleyball that went over the railing, near North Cove Marina.
The men, whose names have not been released, were playing volleyball on the court that overlooks that yacht basin at approximately 11:40 am, when a wild serve sent their ball into the Hudson. Impulsively, they both leaped in after it.
Keep It Light
Condo Boards Question Need for South End Avenue Redesign After Installation of Traffic Signal
At the October 2 meeting of the Battery Park City Committee of Community Board 1, Battery Park City Authority president B.J. Jones was apprised by the leader of a coalition of condominiums along South End Avenue of that group’s ongoing reservations about the Authority’s plan to revamp the thoroughfare.
Pat Smith, the board president of the Battery Pointe condominium (at South End Avenue and Rector Place) told Mr. Jones, “before you go too far on South End Avenue, please remember that six condo boards, representing more than 1,000 households along South End Avenue, from Albany down to West Thames, don’t want you to do this.” To read more…
Cruise Ships in New York Harbor
Arrivals & Departures
Thursday, October 31
Inbound 6:30 am (Brooklyn); outbound 5:00 pm
Eastern Caribbean/Ft. Lauderdale, FL
Friday, November 1
Inbound 7:15 am in port overnight
Inbound 2:30 am (Bayonne); in port overnight
Inbound 7:15 am; in port overnight
Inbound 7:15 am; outbound 6:30 pm
Bermuda/Eastern Caribbean/Ft. Lauderdale, FL
Many ships pass Lower Manhattan on their way to and from the Midtown Passenger Ship Terminal. Others may be seen on their way to or from piers in Brooklyn and Bayonne. Stated times, when appropriate, are for passing the Colgate clock in Jersey City, New Jersey, and are based on sighting histories, published schedules and intuition. They are also subject to tides, fog, winds, freak waves, hurricanes and the whims of upper management.
Music to Our Ears
When she was ten, Julie Reumert was selected
to sing at a celebration marking the birthday of
Margrethe ll, Queen of Denmark. As a girl growing up in Copenhagen, Ms. Reumert performed with the Saint Anne Girls Choir as a soprano and a soloist.
CLASSIFIEDS & PERSONALS
Swaps & Trades ~ Respectable Employment ~ Lost & Found
CERTIFIED HOME HEALTH AIDE SEEKING
Full-Time Live-In Elder Care
I am loving, caring and hardworking with 12 years experience. References available. Marcia 347-737-5037 email@example.com
ELDER CARE NURSE AIDE with 17 years experience seeks PT/FT work. Refs available Call or text 718 496 6232 Dian
DO YOU NEED A PERSONAL ASSISTANT?
I am experienced, reliable, knowledgeable and able to work flexible hours.
CHINESE AIDE/CAREGIVER FOR ELDERLY
Cantonese/Mandarin-speaking and Excellent Cook for Battery Park City.
SEEKING FREE-LANCE PUBLIC RELATIONS PROFESSIONAL OR SMALL PR FIRM
Work with well-reviewed author of five E-books, developing and implementing outreach strategies. Includes writing, placement, research, new outlets and on-line advertising. Savvy social media skills a must. Downtown location.
Please send resume and fee schedule to: Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Available starting September for PT/FT.
Wonderful person, who is a great worker. Reference Available
Available for PT/FT elder care. Experienced. References Angella
DITCH THE DIETS & LOSE WEIGHT FOR GOOD
Call Janine to find out how with hypnosis.
EXPERIENCED ELDER CARE
Able to prepare nutritious meals and light housekeeping
Excellent references 12yrs experienced 347-898-5804
Call Hope email@example.com
NOTARY PUBLIC IN BPC
$2 per notarized signature Text Paula at 917-836-8802
IT AND SECURITY SUPPORT
Experienced IT technician. Expertise in 1-on-1 tutoring for all ages.Computer upgrading & troubleshooting. Knowledgeable in all software programs.
James Kierstead firstname.lastname@example.org 347-933-1362. Refs available
OLD WATCHES SOUGHT, PREFER NON-WORKING
Mechanical pocket and wristwatches sought and sometimes repaired
If you would like to place a listing, please contact email@example.com
Today in History
475 – Romulus Augustulus is proclaimed Western Roman Emperor.
683 – During the Siege of Mecca, the Kaaba catches fire and is burned down.
1517 – Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.
1863 – The Maori Wars resume as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron begin their Invasion of the Waikato.
1876 – A monster cyclone ravages India, resulting in over 200,000 deaths.
1913 – Dedication of the Lincoln Highway, the first automobile highway across United States.
1922 – Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister of Italy
1923 – The first of 160 consecutive days of 100° Fahrenheit at Marble Bar, Western Australia.
1926 – Magician Harry Houdini dies of gangrene and peritonitis that develops after his appendix ruptures.
1938 – Great Depression: In an effort to restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
1941 – After 14 years of work, Mount Rushmore is completed.
1941 – World War II: The destroyer USS Reuben James is torpedoed by a German U-boat near Iceland, killing more than 100 U.S. Navy sailors. It is the first U.S. Navy vessel sunk by enemy action in WWII.
1956 – Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.
1961 – In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin’s body is removed from Vladimir Lenin’s Tomb.
1968 – Vietnam War October surprise: Citing progress with the Paris peace talks, US President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of “all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam” effective November 1.
1998 – Iraq disarmament crisis begins: Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.
1999 – EgyptAir Flight 990 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean near Nantucket, killing all 217 people on board.
2011 – The global population of humans reaches seven billion. This day is now recognized by the United Nations as Seven Billion Day.
1795 – John Keats, English poet (d. 1821)
1815 – Karl Weierstrass, German mathematician and academic (d. 1897)
1827 – Richard Morris Hunt, American architect, designed the New York Tribune Building (d. 1895)
1860 – Juliette Gordon Low, American scout leader, founded the Girl Scouts of the United States of America (d. 1927)
1920 – Helmut Newton, German-Australian photographer (d. 2004)
1928 – Andrew Sarris, American critic and educator (d. 2012)
1931 – Dan Rather, American journalist
1941 – Derek Bell, English race car driver
1964 – Frank Bruni, American journalist and critic
1744 – Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (b. 1694)
1926 – Harry Houdini, Hungarian-born American magician and stuntman (b. 1874)
1984 – Indira Gandhi, Indian politician, 3rd Prime Minister of India (b. 1917)
1991 – Joseph Papp, American director and producer (b. 1921)
2008 – Studs Terkel, American historian and author (b. 1912)
Plant It and They Will Come ~ Monarch Butterflies Pause to Refuel in Lower Manhattan
To the editor:
Thank you, kind-hearted gardeners. We must all do whatever little bit we can to hold back the wave of extinctions that is a hair’s breadth from taking the last of our monarchs.
Damascus on the Hudson
Lower Manhattan’s Old Syrian Quarter
Today, the stretch of Greenwich and Washington Streets between Battery Place and Albany Street — bisected by the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel entrance — is known by the forgettable name, “Greenwich South.”
By all appearances it is an orphan of a neighborhood that never quite coalesced. But nothing could be further from the truth. A century ago, before the World Trade Center or the Brooklyn Battery Tunnel (the two giant public works projects that decimated this once-thriving quarter), it was an ethnic enclave as vibrant as Little Italy or Chinatown. To read more…
Wildlife in Lower Manhattan
The dogwalking and jogging crowd on the esplanade yesterday morning had quite a show, when an unidentified Buteo (Buzzard Hawk) lazily flapped past a few heads and landed on a branch to enjoy his breakfast: a tasty pigeon.
BPCA’s Public Art Collection Represents Multiple Layers of Value
The Battery Park City Authority, has completed an inventory and appraisal of its public art collection. This is part of a broad effort to take stock of the Authority’s ongoing role as a patron and custodian of pieces that represent an integral thread in the fabric of the community, as evidenced by the fact that space and funding for public art were both set aside decades ago, in the neighborhood’s first master plan, before the first building was erected.
Residents Riled about Tribeca Tavern
More than a dozen concerned Tribeca residents turned out for the September meeting the Licensing and Permits Committee, which weighs in on the granting or renewal of liquor licenses.
They showed up to voice concerns about MI-5, a bar located at 52 Walker Street, which has been a source of local complaints as far back 2007.
Neighbors of the bar allege that it operates as a dance club (in violation of its current license, which is now up for renewal), and that loud music penetrates the upper floors of the residential building located above the bar as late as 4:00 am. To read more…
Sin of Omission
City Agency Leaves Cash-Strapped Local Museum Off Roster of Cultural Institutions
The City’s Department of Cultural Affairs has omitted from its list of dozens of New York-based cultural institutions that receive public support the museum that chronicles the oldest community anywhere in the five boroughs.
BPCA Puts the Brakes on Conversions of Rental Buildings within Community
Residents of rental apartments in Battery Park City who fear being thrown out of their homes as developers plan to convert those buildings to condominiums can rest a little bit easier, according to the Battery Park City Authority.
At the October 2 meeting of the Battery Park City Committee of Community Board 1, Authority president Benjamin Jones said, “I want to talk about some of the potential condo conversions that people are concerned about. We have been very clear with developers over the last year, and then some, about our position — that we want to preserve the rental housing that exists in Battery Park City.” To read more…
Costs to Rent or Own in Lower Manhattan Are Matched by Lofty Local Earnings
A slew of recent reports documents what everyone who lives or works in Lower Manhattan already sensed in their bones: This is a mind-numbingly expensive place to call home.
In September, RENTCafé issued a new analysis of the most expensive neighborhoods for renters in the United States that finds northern Battery Park City (zip code 10282) is the priciest enclave in America, with an average rent of $6,211 per month. Coming in at second place is zip code 10013, which covers western Tribeca, along with part of Soho. To read more…
From Bunker to Incubator
New Arts Center on Governors Island Will Provide Studio Space and Cultural Programming
Lower Manhattan has a new cultural hub. The Lower Manhattan Cultural Council and the Trust for Governors Island have partnered to create the LMCC Arts Center at Governors Island, a 40,000-square foot studio space and education facility, housed within a restored 1870s ammunition warehouse — a relic from the days when the island was a military outpost.
Rapport to the Commissioner
CB1 Makes Exception to New Policy; Okays Naming Street for Former NYPD Commissioner
A public figure from the 1980s may soon be honored by having a street co-named in his memory, if Community Board 1 gets its way. The panel recommended that Benjamin Ward, New York’s first African-American police commissioner, be commemorated by rechristening one block of Baxter Street as Benjamin Ward Way.
This comes on the heels of a controversial decision by CB1 in 2018 to decline such a request on behalf of James D. McNaughton, who, on August 2, 2005, at age 27, became the first New York City Police officer to be killed in action while serving in “Operation Iraqi Freedom.”
Onetime Non-Profit Nursing Facility Sold to Anonymous Buyer for Five Times Original Price
If there is an Exhibit A in the case of fevered speculation in Lower Manhattan real estate, it must be Rivington House
After purchasing the block-long, 150,000-square-foot structure (located at 45 Rivington Street, near the Williamsburg Bridge), the developer, the Allure Group, paid the City an additional $16 million to remove the deed restriction that limited the property to its legacy use of non-profit, residential healthcare. To read more…
Breaking It Down
Composting Catches on in Battery Park City
You’re probably heard of the farm-to-table movement. Thanks to the Battery Park City Authority’s compost initiative, there’s a burgeoning table-to-earth movement in this Lower Manhattan community.
What happens to the scraps after you’ve dropped them in the bin? How do your apple peels and corn husks turn into rich, beneficial compost?
The Broadsheet set out to investigate. To read more…
Death Came Calling at the Corner of Wall and Broad Streets, in Lower Manhattan’s First Major Terrorist Attack
As the noon hour approached on a fall Thursday morning in 1920, a horse-drawn wagon slowly made its way west down Wall Street toward “the Corner,” the high-powered intersection of Wall and Broad. Its driver came to a gentle stop in front of the Assay Office, where stockpiles of gold and silver were stored and tested for purity. But theft was not his motive.
Cass Gilbert and the Evolution of the New York Skyscraper
by John Simko
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