1456 – A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death.
1798 – As a result of the XYZ Affair, the U.S. Congress rescinds the Treaty of Alliance with France sparking the “Quasi-War”.
1834 – In New York City, four nights of rioting against abolitionistsbegin.
1846 – American troops occupy Monterey and Yerba Buena, thus beginning the conquest of California.
1863 – The United States begins its first military draft; exemptions cost $300.
1865 – Four conspirators in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln are hanged.
1898 – U.S. President William McKinley signs the Newlands Resolution annexing Hawaii as a territory of the United States.
1907 – Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr. staged his first Follies on the roof of the New York Theater in New York City.
1911 – The United States, Great Britain, Japan, and Russia sign the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911 banning open-water seal hunting, the first international treaty to address wildlife preservation issues.
1916 – The New Zealand Labour Party is founded in Wellington.
1928 – Sliced bread is sold for the first time (on the inventor’s 48th birthday) by the Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri.
1930 – Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser begins construction of Boulder Dam (now known as Hoover Dam).
1930 – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the creator of Sherlock Holmes, dies.
1937 – The Peel Commission Report recommends the partition of Palestine – the first formal recommendation for partition in the history of Palestine
1941 – The American occupation of Iceland replaces the British occupation.
The Peel Commission gathered in 1937. Their report was the first formal recommendation for the partition of Palestine.
1946 – Mother Francesca S. Cabrini becomes the first American to be canonized.
1952 – The ocean liner SS United States passes Bishop Rock on her maiden voyage, breaking the transatlantic speed record to become the fastest passenger ship in the world.
1953 – Ernesto “Che” Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador.
1954 – Elvis Presley makes his radio debut when WHBQ Memphis played his first recording for Sun Records, “That’s All Right.”
1959 – Venus occults the star Regulus. This rare event is used to determine the diameter of Venus and the structure of the Venusian atmosphere.
1980 – Institution of sharia in Iran.
1981 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan appoints Sandra Day O’Connor to become the first female member of the Supreme Court of the United States.
1992 – The New York Court of Appeals rules that women have the same right as men to go topless in public.
2003 – NASA Opportunity rover, MER-B or Mars Exploration Rover-B, is launched into space aboard a Delta II rocket.
1916 – Tiny Grimes, American jazz and R&B guitarist (Art Tatum).
1901 – Johanna Spyri, Swiss author children’s classic “Heidi”.
2006 – Syd Barrett, English guitarist and early vocalist of the band Pink Floyd.
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