311 – Emperor Galerius legally recognizes Christians in the Roman Empire
1315 – Enguerrand de Marigny is hanged on the public gallows at Montfaucon.
1492 – Columbus is given royal commission to equip his fleet
1789 – George Washington inaugurated
1803 – US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase ($15 million)
1808 – First practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri
1859 – Charles Dickens’ “A Tale Of Two Cities” is first published in literary periodical All the Year Round, continues in weekly installments until Nov 2
1864 – New York becomes first state to charge a hunting license fee
1904 – Ice cream cone makes its debut at the St Louis Exposition. Lebanese immigrant, Abe Doumar built one of the first machines in the United States for making ice cream cones. Doumar created waffle type cones by adapting a waffle iron into a cone oven.
1925 – Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for $146 million plus $50 million for charity.
1939 – New York World’s Fair opens.
One of the first exhibits to receive attention was the Westinghouse Time Capsule, which was not to be opened for 5,000 years (the year 6939).
The time capsule was a tube containing writings by Albert Einstein and Thomas Mann, copies of Life Magazine, a Mickey Mouse watch, a Gillette Safety Razor, a kewpie doll, a dollar in change, a pack of Camel cigarettes, millions of pages of text on microfilm, and much more. The capsule also contained seeds of foods in common use at the time: (wheat, corn, oats, tobacco, cotton, flax, rice, soy beans, alfalfa, sugar beets, carrots and barley, all sealed in glass tubes). The time capsule is at a depth of 50 feet (15 m). A
1961 – First shuttle flights between Washington DC, Boston and NYC begin.
1975 – Last US helicopter leaves US embassy grounds, Saigon surrenders
1980 – Terrorists seize Iranian Embassy in London
1991 – In Bangladesh a cyclone killed over 131,000 and left 9 million homeless
2004 – U.S. media release graphic photos of American soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.
2008 – Two skeletal remains found near Ekaterinburg, Russia, were confirmed by Russian scientists to be the remains of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia and one of his sisters.
2009 – Chrysler files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
2009 – Failed attack on the Dutch Royal Family results in 7 deaths and 17 injured.
2012 – The unfinished One World Trade Center overtakes the Empire State building to become the tallest building in New York
1877 – Alice B. Toklas, American companion of Gertrude Stein (d. 1967)
1829 – George Washington Adams, son of John Q Adams
1883 – Édouard Manet, French impressionist painter dies at 61
1900 – John Luther (Casey) Jones, dies in Cannonball Express train wreck
1945 – Adolf Hitler, German Dictator (1936-45), commits suicide at 56
1983 – George Balanchine, Russian/US ballet composer/choreographer, dies
1994 – Richard McClure Scarry, US kid book illustrator/writer, dies at 74