Today in History

Orson Welles
1006 – Supernova observed by Chinese and Egyptians in constellation Lupus
1704 – Boston Newsletter publishes first newspaper advertisement
1753 – Publication of Species Plantarum by Linnaeus, and the formal start date of plant taxonomy adopted by the International Code of
Botanical Nomenclature.
1756 – France and Austria sign alliance
1757 – Austria and France divide Prussia
1776 – Adam Weishaupt founds secret society of Illuminati
1841 – First emigrant wagon train leaves Independence, Missouri, for California
1851 – Great Exhibition opens in the Crystal Palace, London
1873 – Emperor Franz Jozef opens 5th World’s Exposition in Vienna
1883 – Amsterdam World’s Fair opens
1884 – Construction begins on Chicago’s first skyscraper reaching a height of 10 stories
1886 – US general strike for 8-hour working day begins
1889 – Bayer introduces aspirin in powder form
1893 – World Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago
1927 – The beginning of airline food. First British airliner to serve cooked meals (Imperial Airways)
1931 – Empire State Building opens
1941 – “Citizen Kane“,  premieres in NY

1941 – General Mills introduces Cheerios

1943 – Food rationing begins in US
1950 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Rodgers & Hammerstein (South Pacific)
1951 – Mickey Mantle’s first Home Run
1956 – A doctor in Japan reports an “epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system”, marking the official discovery of Minamata disease. This was photo journalism’s finest example of the power of photography. W. Eugene Smith a photographer from New York, went to Japan and photographed the dying inhabitants poisoned by industrial waste.
1960 – Russia shoots down Francis Gary Powers’ U-2 spy plane over Sverdlovsk
1961 – First US airplane hijacked to Cuba
1961 – Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba
1961 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Harper Lee (To Kill a Mockingbird)
1981 – Radio Shack releases Model III TRSDOS 1.3
1986 – Bill Elliott sets stock car speed record of 212.229 mph
1986 – Tass reports Chernobyl nuclear power plant mishap
2003 – 2003 invasion of Iraq: In what becomes known as the “Mission Accomplished” speech, President George W. Bush declares that
“major combat operations in Iraq have ended” on board the USS Abraham Lincoln off the coast of California.
2010 – Car bomb fails to go off in Times Square
2013 – 15 people are killed by multiple bomb attacks across Iraq
2013 – A digital camera is created that can mimic insect compound eyes
Birthdays
1218 – Rudolph I of Germany, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1291)
1738 – Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (1782-1819) (d. 1819)
1825 – George Inness, landscape painter (Delaware Water Gap)
1839 – Chardonnet, inventor (rayon)
1881 – Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, France, philosopher/paleontologist
1907 – Kate Smith, American singer (d. 1986)
1923 – Joseph Heller, Brooklyn New York, American novelist (Catch-22, 1963 Arts & Letters Award)
1939 – Judy Collins, Seattle, singer (Send in the Clowns, Clouds)
1940 – Elsa Peretti, Italian jewelry designer
Anniversaries
1929 – American poet e.e (Edward Estlin) Cummings marries 2nd wife Anne Minnerly Barton
1967 –  Elvis Presley (32) weds actress Priscilla Beaulieu (21) at Aladdin Hotel in Las Vegas
1978 – Bianca Jagger files for divorce from  Mick Jagger after 7 years of marriage on the grounds of his adultery with model Jerry Hall ( who is now married to Rupert Murdoch)
Deaths
1873 – David Livingstone, British physician/explorer (Africa), dies at 60
1904 – Antonín Dvořák, Czech composer (b. 1841)
1965 – Spike Jones, composer (Spike Jones Show), dies at 53

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