Today in History April 8

The Gutenberg Bible was among the earliest books printed using mass-produced movable metal type in Europe and marked the start of the age of printed books in the West.
451 – Attila’s Huns plunder Metz
529 – First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (“Body of Civil Law“) is issued by order of Justinian I, Eastern Roman Emperor.
1348 – Prague University, first university in central Europe, formed by Charles IV
1712 – Slave revolt in New York City
The New York Slave Revolt of 1712 was an uprising by 23 enslaved Africans who killed nine whites and injured another six.
 Seventy blacks were arrested and twenty-one of whom were convicted and sentenced to death. Twenty were burned at the stake and one was executed on a breaking wheel.  The Wheel was a device providing a painful slow death used in the Middle Ages into the 18th century and apparantly
here in early Manhattan.  This was a form of punishment no longer used on whites at the time. The severity of punishment was in reaction to white slaveowners’ fear of insurrection by slaves.
1827 – English chemist John Walker invents wooden matches
1923 – First brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed by Dr K Winfield Ney at Beth Israel Hospital in NYC
Mussolini

1926 – Mussolini’s Irish wife breaks his nose

1953 – First west-to-east jet transatlantic nonstop flight
1959 – Radar first bounced off Sun, Stanford California
In 1947 the Army Signal Corps bounced a radar beam off the moon and received an echo.
In 1958, MIT scientists sent a pulse to Venus and got a bounce back, a journey of 56 million miles.
The Stanford transmitter sent out 30 second bursts of energy of 40,000 watts. They said less than 100 watts reached the sun. On the trip back the signal was estimated to be .00000000000000001 of a watt.
1966 – US recovers lost H-bomb from Mediterranean floor
1969 – Supreme Court strikes down laws prohibiting private possession of obscene material
1978 – Guttenberg Bible sold for $2,000,000
1988 – Russia announced it would withdraw its troops from Afghanistan
1990 – John Poindexter National Security Advisor to Reagan found guilty on Iran-Contra scandal
1994 – Vatican acknowledges Holocaust for first time
Birthdays
1770 – William Wordsworth, England, poet laureate
1893 – Allen Dulles, American Central Intelligence Agency director (d. 1969)
Jim Clark in a Lotus

1897 – Walter Winchell, Harlem, newscaster/columnist

1915 – Billie Holiday, [Eleanora Fagan], Philadelphia Pennsylvania, jazz singer
1920 – Ravi Shankar, Varanasi, British India, musician (the Pandit), (d. 2012)
1931 – Daniel Ellsberg, whistleblower (Pentagon Papers)/patriot
1938 – Jerry Brown, ex-California governor
1939 – David Frost, TV host (That Was the Week That Was), (d. 2013)
1939 – Francis Ford Coppola, Detroit, director (Godfather, Apocalypse Now
Deaths
1663 – Francis Cooke, Mayflower pilgrim (b. c. 1583)
1891 – Phineas T Barnum, US circus promoter (B & Bailey), dies at 88
1968 – Jim Clark, two-time F1 World Champion and winner of the Indianapolis 500, dies in a racing accident during a Formula 2 race at Hockenheim, Germany at age 32. Born in 1936 his racing record
attests to his skills ~ 2 World Championships in 73 races, 25 wins, 32 podiums, 33 pole positions, 28 fastest laps. A youtube link from his last race.
1972 – “Crazy” Joe Gallo, mobster, killed at his 43rd birthday party
Edited from various sources including historyorb.com, the NYTimes.com 
and other internet searches

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