Today in History March 18

Caligula
37 – The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’ will and proclaims Caligula emperor.
1314 – Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake
1673 – Lord Berkley sells his half of New Jersey to the Quakers
1835 – Charles Darwin departs Santiago Chile on his way to Portillo Pass
1881 – Barnum & Bailey’s Greatest Show on Earth opens
1891 – Britain is linked to the continent by Telephone
1899 – Phoebe, a moon of Saturn is discovered
1902 – Turkey grants Germany syndicate the first concession to construct a railroad through Turkish territory to Baghdad, to be linked to Berlin
1922 – British magistrates in India sentence Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years imprisonment for disobedience
1922 – The first public celebration of Bat mitzvah, for the daughter of Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan, is held in New York City
1937 – The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan.
1961 – Poppin’ Fresh Pillsbury Dough Boy introduced

Cosmonaut Leonov’s  First Walk in Space
1965 – Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov, left his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.
He was outside the spacecraft for 12 minutes and nine seconds on March 18,1965, connected to the craft by a 5.35-meter tether. At the end of the spacewalk, Leonov’s spacesuit had inflated in the vacuum of space to the point where he could not re-enter the airlock. He opened a valve to allow some of the suit’s pressure to bleed off and was barely able to get back inside the capsule. Leonov had spent eighteen months undergoing intensive weightlessness training for the mission. As of October 2014, Leonov is the last survivor of the five cosmonauts in the Voskhod program. He is 84 years old.
1986 – Treasury Dept announces plans to alter paper money
1989 – In Egypt, a 4,400-year-old mummy was found near the Pyramid of Giza, in Egypt.
1990 – Largest ever art robbery at Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston. 13 works valued over $500 million are stolen
Birthdays
1927 – George Plimpton, sports writer (Paper Lion)
1932 – John Updike, Shillington Pa, poet/novelist (Rabbit Run)
Anniversaries
1869 – Abolitionist Harriet Tubman marries civil war veteran Nelson Davis in Auburn NY
1991 – Apple computer head Steve Jobs weds Laurene Powell
Deaths
235 – Marcus Aurelius Alexander, Syrian emperor of Rome (222-235), murdered
1584 – Ivan IV, Russian tsar (1547-84), dies at 53
1845 – John Chapman, [Johnny Appleseed], American pioneer agronomist dies in Allen County Indiana
1997 – Willem de Kooning (abstract artist), dead Alzheimer’s at 92
Various internet sources and searches are used in the making of this document.

Comments

  1. says

    Re the first Bat Mitzvah in 1922. Judith Kaplan and her three sisters were all bat mitzvah but women did not participate in the service afterword. Only in 1950 did the congregation of rabbi Mordecai Kaplan grant to women full participation in the service.

  2. says

    Regarding the Bat Mitzvah of Judith kaplan, Mordecai Kaplan and his followers had left the orthodox Jewish Center a few months before and consequently at Judith’s Bat Mitzvah paradoxically the men and women sat separatelly. The men were in the front of the congregation and the women sat in the back.

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