Today in History March 26

Othmar Ammann contributions to New York City are the George Washington (pictured here) Bayonne, Triborough, Bronx-Whitestone, Throgs Neck, and Verrazano-Narrows. Ammann’s long-span bridges came to define an epoch and shape the modern New York metropolis.
1780 – First British Sunday newspaper appears (Brit Gazette & Sunday Monitor)
1812 – Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas Venezuela; about 20,000 die
1871 – Paris Commune founded
1910 – US forbids immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers and the sick
1926 – The first lip-reading tournament held in America
1945 – Japanese resistance ends on Iwo Jima
1945 – US 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms
1953 – Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio[myelitis]
1958 – US Army launches America’s third successful satellite, “Explorer III
Starting with the first nuclear explosion in 1945,
Japanese artist Isao Hashimoto created
A Time-Lapse Map of Every Nuclear Explosion Since 1945

Japanese artist Isao Hashimoto has created a beautiful, undeniably scary
time-lapse map of the 2,053 nuclear explosions which have taken place between 1945 and 1998, beginning with the Manhattan Project’s “Trinity” test near Los Alamos and concluding with Pakistan’s nuclear tests in May of 1998. This leaves out North Korea’s two alleged nuclear tests in this past decade (the legitimacy of both of which is not 100% clear).
1970 – 500th nuclear explosion announced by the US since 1945
By 1960, four countries had denonated 300 nuclear bombs
1974 – Romanian communist party names party leader Ceausescu president
1997 – Thirty-nine bodies found in the Heaven’s Gate cult suicides.
1999 – The “Melissa worm” infects Microsoft word processing and e-mail systems around the world.
1999 – A jury in Michigan finds Dr. Jack Kevorkian guilty of second-degree murder for administering a lethal injection to a terminally ill man.
2012 – Canadian Film maker, James Cameron, becomes the first person to visit Challenger Deep, the deepest point on Earth in over 50 years
Birthdays
1516 – Conrad Gessner, Swiss naturalist (d. 1565)
1773 – Nathaniel Bowditch, mathematician/astronomer/author (Marine Sextant)
1874 – Robert Frost, SF, poet (Mending Wall, Road Not Taken)
1879 – Othmar Ammann, Swiss bridge engineer (d. 1965)
1934 – Alan Arkin,  actor (Catch 22, In-Laws, Simon, Wait Until Dark)
1942 – Erica Jong, [Mann], NYC, author (Fear of Flying)
1943 – Robert Woodward, investigative reporter
Deaths
1793 – John Mudge, English physician (b. 1721)
1814 – Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, namesake of the guillotine (b. 1738)
1827 – Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer (Appassionata), dies at 56
1976 – Josef Albers, German artist (b. 1888)
1996 – David Packard, electronic engineer/businessman, dies at 83
2011 – Geraldine Ferraro, Congresswoman and VP nominee (b. 1935)
Various internet sources and searches are used in the making of this document.

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