321 – Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire.
1573 – A peace treaty is signed between the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Venice, ending the Ottoman-Venetian War and leaving Cyprus in Ottoman hands.
1799 – Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.
1876 – Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for an invention he calls the “telephone”
1900 – The German liner SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse becomes the first ship to send wireless signals to shore.
1965 – Bloody Sunday: a group of 600 civil rights marchers is brutally attacked by state and local police in Selma, Alabama.
1989 – Iran and the United Kingdom break diplomatic relations after a row over Salman Rushdie and his controversial novel, The Satanic Verses.
1437 – Anna of Saxony, Electress of Brandenburg (d. 1512)
1792 – John Herschel, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1871
1872 – Piet Mondrian, Dutch-American painter (d. 1944)
1885 – Milton Avery, American painter (d. 1965)
1930 – Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, English photographer and politician (d. 2017)
1942 – Tammy Faye Messner, American evangelist, television personality, and talk show host (d. 2007)
1625 – Johann Bayer, German lawyer and cartographer (b. 1572)
1967 – Alice B. Toklas, American writer (b. 1877)
1986 – Jacob K. Javits, 58th New York State Attorney General (b. 1904)
1999 – Stanley Kubrick, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1928)
2006 – Gordon Parks, photographer, director, and composer (b. 1912)
2017 – Lynne Stewart, American attorney and activist (b. 1939)
Various internet sources and searches are used in the making of this document