878 – Syracuse is captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily.
1260 – Kublai Khan of the Mongol Empire sends his envoy Hao Jing and two other advisors to the Song Dynasty court of Emperor Lizong of Song; while attempting to negotiate with the Song in order to resolve their conflict, Hao Jing and his fellow emissaries are imprisoned by order of the high Chancellor of China, Jia Sidao.
1602 – Martha’s Vineyard first sighted by Captain Bartholomew Gosnold
1758 – 10 year old Mary Campbell was abducted from her home in Pennsylvania by Lenape Indians during the French and Indian War.
While captive, she lived among the family of Chief Netawatwees in the Ohio Valley and was freed six years later in a famous release of captives
orchestrated by Colonel Henry Bouquet at the conclusion of Pontiac’s War. Pontiac’s War was a united Indian effort to push the settlers back to
the Atlantic but failed miserably.
1819 – First bicycles (swift walkers) in US introduced in New York City
The first bicycle in America was seen in New York City. They were called various names, “velocipedes,” “swift walkers,” “hobby horses” or “dandy horses”. They had been imported from London. Today’s pedal and chain bikes of today came Pierre Lallement of Nancy, France, who saw one in a park and was inspired to add a transmission to it. After a brief stint manufacturing in France, Lallement moved to the U.S. Financially backed by James Carroll of New Haven, Connecticut, he filed the earliest U.S. patent for a pedal bicycle.
1846 – First steamship arrives in Hawaii
1881 – American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton
1894 – 22-year-old French anarchist Émile Henry is executed by guillotine
1906 – Louis Perlman patents a demountable tire-carrying rim for cars
Lindbergh lands in Paris
1927 – Lindburgh lands in Paris after first solo air crossing of Atlantic
1929 – Automatic electric stock quotation board installed in NewYork City
1932 – First transatlantic solo flight by a woman (Amelia Earhart) lands in Ireland
1936 – Sada Abe is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover’s severed genitals in her hand. Her story soon becomes one of
Japan’s most notorious scandals. But for another time!
1951 – The opening of the Ninth Street Show, otherwise known as the 9th Street Art Exhibition – a gathering of a number of notable artists, and the stepping-out of the post war New York avant-garde, collectively know as the New York School.
1968 – Nuclear-powered sub USS Scorpion, with 99 men, reported missing and later found at the bottom of the Atlantic off the Azores.
1969 – Robert Kennedy’s murderer Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death: later commuted to life imprisonment.
1970 – National Guard mobilizes to quell disturbances at Ohio State U
1972 – Michelangelo’s Pietà in St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome is damaged by a vandal.
2004 – Sherpa Pemba Dorjie climbs Mount Everest in 8 hours 10 minutes, breaking his rival Sherpa Lakpa Gelu’s record from the previous year.
1471 – Albrecht Durer, Nornberg Germany, Renaissance painter/print maker
1688 – Alexander Pope, London, English poet (Rape of the Lock, translation of Homer) (d.1744)
1780 – Elizabeth Fry, Quaker minister/prison reformer/nurse
1898 – Armand Hammer, NYC, industrialist (Occidental Petroleum)
1904 – Fats Waller, [Thomas Wright], jazz singer/composer (Ain’t Misbehavin’)
1921 – Andrei Sakharov, Moscow, physicist, human rights worker (Nobel ’75)
1951 – Al Franken, comedian/writer/actor and US senator at one time
1542 – Hernando de Soto, dies while searching for gold, near Mississippi River
1935 – Jane Addams, a founder of ACLU (Nobel 1973), dies at 65
1992 – Mrithi, gorilla (Gorilla in the Mist), dies at 24
2000 – Sir John Gielgud, British actor (b. 1904)
2003 – Alejandro de Tomaso, Argentine-Italian racing driver and car manufacturer (b. 1928)
This information was culled from various internet sources, including Wikipedia, the New York Times and other special interest sites.
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