Today in History
1138 – Lý Anh Tông is enthroned as emperor of Vietnam at the age of two,beginning a 37-year reign.
1605 – Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes is arrested.
1768 – Treaty of Fort Stanwix, The purpose of the conference and treaty was to adjust the boundary line between Indian lands and British colonial settlements set forth in the Royal Proclamation of 1763. The British hoped a new boundary line would bring an end to the costly and frontier violence. Indians hoped a new, permanent line might hold back British colonial expansion.Rather than secure peace, the Fort Stanwix treaty helped set the stage for the next round of hostilities between Native Americans and British colonists along the Ohio River, which would culminate in Dunmore’s War.
1831 – Nat Turner, American slave leader, is tried, convicted, and sentenced to death in Virginia.
1862 – American Indian Wars: In Minnesota, 303 Dakota warriors are found guilty of rape and murder of whites and are sentenced to hang. 38 are ultimately executed and the others reprieved.
1872 – Women’s suffrage in the United States: In defiance of the law, suffragist Susan B. Anthony votes for the first time, and is later fined $100.
1895 – George B. Selden is granted the first U.S. patent for an automobile.
1911 – After declaring war on the Ottoman Empire on September 29, 1911, Italy annexes Tripoli and Cyrenaica.
1914 – World War I: France and the British Empire declare war on the Ottoman Empire.
1940 – Franklin D. Roosevelt elected to a third term.
1968 – Richard Nixon is elected as 37th President of the United States.
1990 – Rabbi Meir Kahane, founder of the far-right Kach movement, is shot dead after a speech at a New York City hotel.
2006 – Saddam Hussein, former president of Iraq, and his co-defendants Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, are sentenced to death in the al-Dujail trial for their roles in the 1982 massacre of 148 Shi’a Muslims.
2007 – China’s first lunar satellite, Chang’e 1, goes into orbit around the Moon.
1615 – Ibrahim of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1648)
1854 – Paul Sabatier, French chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
1855 – Eugene V. Debs, American union leader and politician (d. 1926)
1893 – Raymond Loewy, French-American engineer and designer (d. 1986)
1941 – Art Garfunkel, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1943 – Sam Shepard, American playwright and actor (d. 2017)
425 – Atticus, archbishop of Constantinople
1942 – George M. Cohan, American actor, singer, composer, author and theatre manager/owner (b. 1878)
1946 – Joseph Stella, Italian-American painter (b. 1877)
1979 – Al Capp, American cartoonist (b. 1909)
1989 – Vladimir Horowitz, Ukrainian-American pianist (b. 1903)
1991 – Robert Maxwell, Czech-English, publisher, and politician (b. 1923)
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