Today in History
476 – Romulus Augustulus is deposed when Odoacer proclaims himself “King of Italy”, thus ending the Western Roman Empire.
1282 – Peter III of Aragon becomes the King of Sicily.
1666 – In London, the most destructive damage from the Great Fire occurs.
1812 – War of 1812: The Siege of Fort Harrison begins when the fort is set on fire.
1839 – Battle of Kowloon: British vessels open fire on Chinese war junks enforcing a food sales embargo on the British community in China in the first armed conflict of the First Opium War.
1862 – American Civil War Maryland Campaign: General Robert E. Lee takes the Army of Northern Virginia, and the war, into the North.
1882 – The Pearl Street Station in New York City becomes the first power plant to supply electricity to paying customers.
1886 – American Indian Wars: After almost 30 years of fighting, Apache leader Geronimo, with his remaining warriors, surrenders to General Nelson Miles in Arizona.
1888 – George Eastman registers the trademark Kodak and receives a patent for his camera that uses roll film.
1923 – Maiden flight of the first U.S. airship, the USS Shenandoah.
1950 – Darlington Raceway is the site of the inaugural Southern 500, the first 500-mile NASCAR race.
1957 – American Civil Rights Movement: Little Rock Crisis: Orval Faubus, governor of Arkansas, calls out the National Guard to prevent African American students from enrolling in Central High School.
1957 – The Ford Motor Company introduces the Edsel.
1972 – Mark Spitz becomes the first competitor to win seven medals at a single Olympic Games.
1998 – Google is founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University.
973 – Al-Biruni, Persian physician and polymath (d. 1048)
1905 – Walter Zapp, Latvian-Estonian inventor, invented the Minox, a miniature camera (d. 2003)
1908 – Richard Wright, novelist, essayist, and poet (d. 1960)
1917 – Henry Ford II, American businessman (d. 1987)
1920 – Craig Claiborne, American journalist, author, and critic (d. 2000)
422 – Boniface I, pope of the Catholic Church
1063 – Tughril, Seljuq sultan (b. 990)
1907 – Edvard Grieg, Norwegian pianist and composer (b. 1843)
1965 – Albert Schweitzer, French-Gabonese physician, theologian, and missionary, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1875)
1982 – Jack Tworkov, Polish-American painter (b. 1900)
1995 – William Kunstler, American lawyer and activist (b. 1919)
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