Dolly the sheep, first mammal to be cloned from an adult cellDolly the sheep, first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell

1014 – Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II Roman German Emperor
1076 – Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Roman Emperor Henry IV
1130 – Jewish Cardinal Pietro Pierleone elected as anti-pope Anacletus II
1803 – Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void.

President James K. Polk     photograph by Mathew Brady Library of Congress

President James K. Polk photograph by Mathew Brady
Library of Congress

1849 – In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes first serving US President to have his photograph taken by Mathew Brady.
1855 – Texas is linked by telegraph to the rest of the United States, with the completion of a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas.
1889 – First train load of fruit (oranges) leaves LA for east
1912 – First US submarines w/diesel engines commissioned, Groton, Ct
1924 – IBM Corporation founded by Thomas Watson
1929 – St Valentine’s Day Massacre in Chicago, 7 gangsters killed, allegedly on Al Capone’s orders
1962 – First lady Jacqueline Kennedy conducts White House tour on TV
1968 – Pennsylvania Railroad/NYC Central merge into Penn Central
1972 – John and Yoko co-host “Mike Douglas Show” for entire week
1978 – First “micro on a chip” patented by Texas Instruments
1989 – The first of 24 satellites of the Global Positioning System are placed into orbit.

Margaret Knight Paper Bag Machine

Margaret Knight Paper Bag Machine

Birthdays
1838 – Margaret Knight, inventor notably of the flat-bottomed paper bag.
While living in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1868, Knight invented a machine that folded and glued paper to form the flat-bottomed brown paper bags. She built a wooden model, but needed a iron model to apply for a patent. Charles Annan, who was in the machine shop where her iron model was being built, stole her design and patented the device. Knight filed a successful patent interference lawsuit and was awarded the patent in 1871. With a Massachusetts business partner, Knight established the Eastern Paper Bag Co. and received royalties.
1859 – George Washington Gale Ferris, engineer/inventor (Ferris Wheel)
1911 – Willem J Kolff, Dutch/US internist/inventor (Artificial Kidney)
1913 – Jimmy Hoffa, Teamsters leader who disappeared in 1975
Deaths
270 – St. Valentine marking Valentines Day
1950 – Karl G Jansky, Czech discoverer of cosmic radio sources, dies at 44
1975 – Pelham G Wodehouse, writer (Piccadilly Jim), dies at 93
2003 – Dolly the sheep, first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell dies young from a progressive lung disease at the age of six.
2012 – Dory Previn, American singer-songwriter, dies at 86

Edited from various sources including historyorb.com, wikipedia.com, NYTimes.com and internet searches

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