Today in History January 29

1886 - Karl Benz patents the first successful gasoline-driven automobile.

757 – An Lushan, leader of a revolt against the Tang dynasty and emperor of Yan, is murdered by his own son, An Qingxu. 1790 – The first boat specializing as a lifeboat is tested on the River Tyne. 1834 – President Andrew Jackson orders first use of federal soldiers to suppress a labor dispute. […]

January 28

In this photo from Jan. 9, 1986 the Challenger crew takes a break during countdown training at NASA's Kennedy Space Center. Left to right are Teacher-in-Space payload specialist Sharon Christa McAuliffe; payload specialist Gregory Jarvis; and astronauts Judith A. Resnik, mission specialist;  Francis R. Scobee, mission commander; Ronald E. McNair and Ellison Onizuka engineer and astronaut.
Image: NASA

814 – Charlemagne dies of pleurisy in Aachen as the first Holy Roman Emperor. He is succeeded by his son Louis the Pious as king of the Frankish Empire. 946 – Caliph Al-Mustakfi is blinded and deposed by Emir Mu’izz al-Dawla, ruler of the Buyid Empire. He is succeeded by Al-Muti as caliph of the […]

January 25

Mary Tyler Moore

*AD 41 – After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate. *1533 – Henry VIII of England secretly marries his second wife Anne Boleyn. *1765 – Port Egmont, the first British settlement in the Falkland Islands at the southern tip of South America, is founded. *1858 – The Wedding […]

January 24

Caligula was Roman emperor from AD 37 to AD 41

AD 41 – Roman Emperor Caligula, known for his eccentricity and sadistic despotism, is assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. The Guard then proclaims Caligula’s uncle Claudius as Emperor 1848 – California Gold Rush: James W. Marshall finds gold at Sutter’s Mill near Sacramento. 1943 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchillconclude […]

January 23

Elizabeth Blackwell 
1849 - Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her M.D. by the Geneva Medical College of Geneva, New York, becoming the United States' first female doctor.

393 – Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his eight-year-old son Honorius co-emperor. 971 – Using crossbows, Song dynasty troops soundly defeat a war elephant corps of the Southern Han at Shao. 1556 – The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000. […]

Today in History January 22

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613 – Eight-month-old Constantine is crowned as co-emperor (Caesar) by his father Heraclius at Constantinople. 1506 – The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican. 1901 – Edward VII is proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria. 1905 – Bloody Sunday in Saint Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution. […]

January 18

BASE jumping involves climbing to great heights on manmade structures or tall cliff faces and jumping off.

474 – Seven-year-old Leo II succeeds his maternal grandfather Leo I as Byzantine emperor. He dies ten months later. 1591 – King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Mingyi Swa of Burma in single combat, for which this date is now observed as Royal Thai Armed Forces day. 1778 – James Cook is the first […]

Today in History January 17

Eisenhower's farewell address warning about the military industrial complex

38 BC – Octavian divorces his wife Scribonia and marries Livia Drusilla, ending the fragile peace between the Second Triumvirate and Sextus Pompey. 395 – Upon the death of Emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Empire is permanently divided into the Eastern Roman Empire under Arcadius, and the Western Roman Empire under Honorius. 1524 – Giovanni […]

Today in History January 16

Ted Cassidy as Lurch in the Addams Family

1219 – Floods in Northern Netherlands after storm, thousands perish. 1412 – The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy. 1493 – Columbus leaves the new world and sets sail for Spain returning from his first trip 1777 – Vermont declares independence from NY 1879 – Record 13″ of snow falls in NYC (broken […]

Today in History January 15

Holland/Zeeland

1346 – Emperor Louis IV of Bavaria gives his wife Margaretha, Holland/Zeeland.   Happy Birthday! 1535 – Henry VIII declares himself head of the Church in England 1762 – Fraunces Tavern opens in NYC 1777 – People of New Connecticut (Vermont) declare independence from England 1831 – First US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train […]