DAY IN HISTORY
1630 – The city of Boston, Massachusetts is founded.
1683 – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek writes a letter to the Royal Society describing “animalcules”.
1778 – The Treaty of Fort Pitt is signed. It is the first formal treaty between the United States and a Native American tribe.
1859 – Joshua A. Norton declares himself “Norton I, Emperor of the United States.”
1862 – American Civil War: George B. McClellan halts the northward drive of Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army in the single-day Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest day in American military history.
1862 – American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war.
1908 – The Wright Flyer flown by Orville Wright, with Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge as passenger, crashes, killing Selfridge, who becomes the first airplane fatality.
1916 – World War I: Manfred von Richthofen (“The Red Baron”), a flying ace of the German Luftstreitkrдfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France.
1939 – World War II: The Soviet invasion of Poland begins.
1939 – World War II: German submarine U-29 sinks the British aircraft carrierHMS Courageous.
1941 – World War II: Soviet forces enter Tehran during the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran.
1954 – The novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding is first published.
1991 – The first version of the Linux kernel (0.01) is released to the Internet.
2001 – The New York Stock Exchange reopens for trading after the September 11 attacks, the longest closure since the Great Depression.
2006 – Fourpeaked Mountain in Alaska erupts, marking the first eruption for the volcano in at least 10,000 years.
2011 – Occupy Wall Street movement begins in Zuccotti Park, New York City.
879 – Charles the Simple, Frankish king (d. 929)
1479 – Celio Calcagnini, Italian astronomer (d. 1541)
1739 – John Rutledge, Second Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1800)
1883 – William Carlos Williams, American poet, short story writer, and essayist (d. 1963)
1903 – Frank O’Connor, Irish short story writer, novelist, and poet (d. 1966)
1929 – Stirling Moss, English race car driver
1935 – Ken Kesey, American novelist, essayist, and poet (d. 2001)
1025 – Hugh Magnus, king of France (b. 1007)
1665 – Philip IV, king of Spain (b. 1605)
1877 – Henry Fox Talbot, English photographer, developed the Calotype Process (b. 1800)
1996 – Spiro Agnew, American soldier and politician, 39th Vice President of the United States (b. 1918)
credits include wikipedia and other internet sources
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