321 – Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire.
1277 – Stephen Tempier, bishop of Paris, condemns 219 philosophical and theological theses.
1573 – A peace treaty is signed between the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Venice, ending the Ottoman-Venetian War and leaving Cyprus in Ottoman hands.
1799 – Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.
1876 – Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for an invention he calls the “telephone”.
1900 – The German liner SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse becomes the first ship to send wireless signals to shore.
1965 – Bloody Sunday: a group of 600 civil rights marchers is brutally attacked by state and local police in Selma, Alabama.
1989 – Iran and the United Kingdom break diplomatic relations after a row over Salman Rushdie and his controversial novel, The Satanic Verses.
1437 – Anna of Saxony, Electress of Brandenburg (d. 1512)
1792 – John Herschel, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1871
1872 – Piet Mondrian, Dutch-American painter (d. 1944)
“Piet Mondrian never married and didn’t have any children. When asked why, he said he couldn’t afford getting married in his younger years and never found the right person later. Mondrian had compulsive traits like his obsession with orderliness and cleanliness. He was private and secretive, and enjoyed solitude. He was termed by fellow artist Naum Gabo as “not a man with whom you could have personal relationships”. Mondrian lived simply and barely had any possessions. He was dedicated to his work and painted six days a week. He was enthusiastic about dance but was termed a terrible dancer by his dance partners.” (wiki)
1885 – Milton Avery, American painter (d. 1965)
1930 – Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, English photographer and politician (d. 2017)
1945 – Bob Herbert, American journalist
1625 – Johann Bayer, German lawyer and cartographer (b. 1572)
1967 – Alice B. Toklas, American writer (b. 1877)
1986 – Jacob K. Javits, 58th New York State Attorney General (b. 1904)
1999 – Stanley Kubrick, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1928)
2006 – Gordon Parks, photographer, director, and composer (b. 1912)
2017 – Lynne Stewart, American attorney and activist (b. 1939)
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