275 – In Rome (after the assassination of Aurelian), the Senate proclaims Marcus Claudius Tacitus Emperor.
1066 – The Battle of Stamford Bridge marks the end of the Viking invasions of England.
1237 – England and Scotland sign the Treaty of York, establishing the location of their common border.
1513 – Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa reaches what would become known as the Pacific Ocean.
1690 – Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick, the first newspaper to appear in the Americas, is published for the first and only time.
Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick was the title of the first multi-page newspaper published in the Americas. Before then, single-page newspapers, called broadsides, were published in the English colonies and printed in Cambridge in 1689. The first edition was published September 25, 1690, in Boston, then a city in the Dominion of New England, and was intended to be published monthly, “or, if any Glut of Occurrences happen, oftener.”
It was printed by American Richard Pierce of Boston, and it was edited by Benjamin Harris, who had previously published a newspaper in London.
The paper contained four 6-by-10-inch pages, but filled only three of them.
No second edition was printed because the paper was shut down by the Colonial government on September 29, 1690, who issued an order as follows:
“Whereas some have lately presumed to Print and Disperse a Pamphlet, Entitled, Publick Occurrences, both Forreign and Domestick: Boston, Thursday, Septemb. 25th, 1690. Without the least Privity and Countenace of Authority. The Governour and Council having had the perusal of said Pamphlet, and finding that therein contained Reflections of a very high nature: As also sundry doubtful and uncertain Reports, do hereby manifest and declare their high Resentment and Disallowance of said Pamphlet, and Order that the same be Suppressed and called in; strickly forbidden any person or persons for the future to Set forth any thing in Print without License first obtained from those that are or shall be appointed by the Government to grant the same.” wikipedia
1804 – The Teton Sioux (a subdivision of the Lakota) demand one of the boats from the Lewis and Clark Expedition as a toll ( this was no EASYPASS) for allowing the expedition to move further upriver. Research did not uncover whether Lewis and Clark did forfeit a boat to move further upriver.
1906 – Leonardo Torres y Quevedo demonstrates the Telekino, guiding a boat from the shore, in what is considered to be the first use of a remote control.
1912 – Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York City.
1929 – Jimmy Doolittle performs the first blind flight from Mitchel Field proving that full instrument flying from take off to landing is possible.
1942 – World War II: Swiss Police instruction dictates that “Under current practice … refugees on the grounds of race alone are not political refugees”, effectively denying entry to Jews trying to flee occupied Europe during the Holocaust.
2003 – The 8.3 Mw Hokkaidō earthquake strikes just offshore Hokkaidō, Japan.
1358 – Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1408)
1764 – Fletcher Christian, English sailor (d. 1793)
1839 – Karl Alfred von Zittel, palaeontologist and geologist (d. 1904)
1897 – William Faulkner, novelist and short story writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1962)
1903 – Mark Rothko, Latvian-American painter and educator (d. 1970)
1930 – Shel Silverstein, author, poet, illustrator, and songwriter (d. 1999)
1932 – Glenn Herbert Gould, was a Canadian pianist who was one of the best-known and most celebrated classical pianists of the 20th century.
He was particularly renowned as an interpreter of the keyboard music of Johann Sebastian Bach.
In 1953, Gould’s father customized a chair for him by sawing four inches off the legs of a folding bridge chair and making each leg individually adjustable. Gould insisted on using the chair for every concert and recording from then on, even after the padded seat was worn through, preferring its lower height (14 inches off the floor) to the standard-height piano bench (20 inches off the floor) employed by most pianists.
Following Gould’s death, his famous folding chair, was displayed in a glass case in the music division at the National Library of Canada. It remained there until 2005, when it was transferred to a storage vault and brought out only for special events and exhibitions. Since June 2012, it has been on permanent display at the National Arts Centre in Ottawa, with Gould’s famous CD 318 Steinway.
Although his recordings were dominated by Bach, Gould’s repertoire was diverse, including works by Beethoven, Mozart, Haydn, Brahms, and pre-Baroque composers. Gould was well known for various eccentricities, from his unorthodox musical interpretations and mannerisms at the keyboard to aspects of his lifestyle and personal behaviour. He stopped giving concerts at the age of 31 to concentrate on studio recording and other projects.
1534 – Pope Clement VII (b. 1478)
1777 – Johann Heinrich Lambert, Swiss mathematician, physicist, and astronomer (b. 1728)
1791 – William Bradford, American soldier and publisher (b. 1719)
1849 – Johann Strauss I, Austrian composer (b. 1804)
1971 – Hugo Black, American captain, jurist, and politician (b. 1886)
1991 – Klaus Barbie, German SS captain, known as the “Butcher of Lyon” (b. 1913)
2003 – George Plimpton, American writer and literary editor (b. 1927)
2007 – André Emmerich, German-American art dealer (b. 1924)