1555 – John Rogers is burned at the stake, becoming the first English Protestant martyr under Mary I of England.
1789 – George Washington is unanimously elected as the first President of the United States by the U.S. Electoral College.
1801 – John Marshall is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States.
1846 – The first Mormon pioneers make their exodus from Nauvoo, Illinois, westward towards Salt Lake Valley.
1859 – The Codex Sinaiticus is discovered in Egypt.
1938 – Adolf Hitler appoints himself as head of the Armed Forces High Command.
1945 – World War II: The Yalta Conference between the “Big Three” (Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin) opens at the Livadia Palace in the Crimea.
1967 – Lunar Orbiter program: Lunar Orbiter 3 lifts off from Cape Canaveral’s Launch Complex 13 on its mission to identify possible landing sites for the Surveyor and Apollo spacecraft.
1974 – The Symbionese Liberation Army kidnaps Patty Hearst in Berkeley, California.
1976 – Guatemala and Honduras earthquake kills more than 20,000.
1999 – Unarmed West African immigrant Amadou Diallo is shot 41 times by four plainclothes New York City police officers on an unrelated stake-out, inflaming race relations in the city.
1447 – Lodovico Lazzarelli, Italian poet (d. 1500)
1676 – Giacomo Facco, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1753)
1677 – Johann Ludwig Bach, German violinist and composer (d. 1731)
1818 – Emperor Norton, San Francisco eccentric and visionary (d. 1880)
1902 – Charles Lindbergh, American pilot and explorer (d. 1974)
1906 – Clyde Tombaugh, American astronomer and academic, discovered Pluto (d. 1997)
1913 – Rosa Parks, American civil rights activist (d. 2005)
1921 – Betty Friedan, American author and feminist (d. 2006)
1943 – Ken Thompson, American computer scientist and programmer, co-developed the B programming language
1947 – Dan Quayle, 44th Vice President of the United States
1555 – John Rogers, English clergyman and translator (b. 1505)
1905 – Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor and academic (b. 1841)
2000 – Carl Albert, American lawyer and politician, 54th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1908)
2006 – Betty Friedan, American author and activist (b. 1921)
2007 – Jules Olitski, Ukrainian-American painter and sculptor (b. 1922)