July 22

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1706 – The Acts of Union 1707 are agreed upon by commissioners from the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland, which, when passed by each countries’ Parliaments, led to the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain. 1793 – Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first European to complete a transcontinental […]

July 21

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365 – A tsunami devastates Alexandria, Egypt. The tsunami was caused by the Crete earthquake, which was estimated to be magnitude 8.5 or higher. Five thousand people perished in Alexandria, and 45,000 more died outside the city. 1949 – The United States Senate ratifies the North Atlantic Treaty. This treaty established the North Atlantic Trade […]

July 20

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1848 – The first Women’s Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, New York, a two-day event, concludes. 1903 – The Ford Motor Company ships its first car. 1949 – Israel and Syria sign a truce to end their nineteen-month war. 1960 – Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) elects Sirimavo Bandaranaike Prime Minister, the world’s first elected female […]

July 19

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1553 – Lady Jane Grey is replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after only nine days on the throne. 1843 – Brunel’s steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and becoming the largest vessel afloat in the world. She […]

July 18

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64 – The Great Fire of Rome causes widespread devastation and rages on for six days, destroying half of the city. 1870 – The First Vatican Council decrees the dogma of papal infallibility, meaning whatever the Pope says is “preserved from the possibility of error”. This doctrine relies on the cornerstone of the Catholic dogma: […]

July 15

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484 BC – Dedication of the Temple of Castor and Pollux in ancient Rome 1799 – The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon’s Egyptian Campaign. Engraved in three languages, Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphics, Demotic Script, and Ancient Greek, this stone, carved in black granodiorite,
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July 14

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1769 – An expedition led by Gaspar de Portolá establishes a base in California and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California). 1789 – French Revolution: Citizens of Paris storm the Bastille. 1798 – The Sedition Act becomes law in the United States making it a federal crime to write, publish, […]

July 13

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1787 – The Continental Congress enacts the Northwest Ordinance, establishing governing rules for the Northwest Territory. It also establishes procedures for the admission of new states and limits the expansion of slavery. 1814 – The Carabinieri, the national gendarmerie of Italy, is established. Originally founded in 1821 as the main police force for the
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July 12

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1776 – Captain James Cook begins his third voyage. 1862 – The Medal of Honor is authorized by the United States Congress. 1943 – German and Soviet forces engage in one of the largest armored engagements of all time. 1962 – The Rolling Stones perform their first concert, at the Marquee Club in London. Births […]

July 11

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1405- Ming admiral Zheng He sets sail to explore the world. 1798 – The United States Marine Corps is re-established; they had been disbanded after the American Revolutionary War. 1914 – Babe Ruth makes his debut in Major League Baseball. 1936 – The Triborough Bridge is opened to traffic. Renamed the Robert F. Kennedy Bridge […]