Today in History September 20

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1498 – The  Nankai earthquake generates a tsunami that washes away the building housing the statue of the Great Buddha at Kotoku-in in Japan. The Buddha now sits on open air. 1519 – Ferdinand Magellan sets sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda with just under three-hundred men on his expedition to circumnavigate the globe. 1737 – […]

Today in History September 7

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1571 – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, is arrested for his role in the Ridolfi plot to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I of England and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots. 1776 – According to American colonial reports, Ezra Lee makes the world’s first submarine attack in the Turtle, attempting to attach a time […]

Today in History September 6

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1492 – Christopher Columbus sails from La Gomera in the Canary Islands, his final port of call before crossing the Atlantic Ocean for the first time. 1620 – The Pilgrims sail from Plymouth, England on the Mayflower to settle in North America. (Old Style date; September 16 per New Style date.) 1642 – England’s Parliament […]

Today in History September 5

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1666 – Great Fire of London ends: Ten thousand buildings, including Old St Paul’s Cathedral, are destroyed, but only six people are known to have died. 1698 – In an effort to Westernize his nobility, Tsar Peter I of Russia imposes a tax on beards for all men except the clergy and peasantry. 1774 – […]

Today in History September 4

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476 – Romulus Augustulus, last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed when Odoacer proclaims himself “King of Italy”, thus ending the Western Roman Empire. 1260 – The Sienese Ghibellines, supported by the forces of Manfred, King of Sicily, defeat the Florentine Guelphs at Montaperti.  1282 – Peter III of Aragon becomes the King […]

Today in History July 19

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*AD 64 – The Great Fire of Rome causes widespread devastation and rages on for six days, destroying half of the city. *1545 – The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth; in 1982 the wreck is salvaged in one of the most complex and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology. *1553 – […]

Today in History July 18

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390 BC – Roman-Gaulic Wars: Battle of the Allia – a Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome 64 – Great Fire of Rome begins under the Emperor Nero 1334 – The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, […]

Today in History July 17

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1054 – Emperor Henry III crowns his son Henry IV king 1203 – Siege of Constantinople begins during the fourth Crusade, Crusaders aboad a Venetian fleet attack the city 1762 – Catherine II becomes tsar of Russia upon the murder of Peter III 1821 – Spain cedes Florida to US 1841 – British humor magazine […]

Today in History July 16

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622 – Moslem Era begins-Mahomet begins flight from Mecca to Medina 1054 – Three Roman legates fracture relations between Western and Eastern Christian churches by placing invalid Papal Bull of Excommunication on altar of Hagia Sophia during Saturday afternoon divine liturgy. Often dated as start of the East-West Schism. 1429 – Joan of Arc and the […]

Today in History July 13

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1793 – Journalist and French revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat is assassinated in his bathtub by Charlotte Corday, a member of the opposing political faction. 1814 – The Carabinieri, the national gendarmerie of Italy, is established. 1863 – New York City draft riots: In New York City, opponents of conscription begin three days of rioting which will […]