EYES TO THE SKY February 4 – 17, 2019

Every day, a ball of fire crosses the sky.
            This bizarre reality was so flabbergasting in ancient times that people could relate to it only with worship. The Aztecs and Egyptians were far from alone in regarding the Sun as a god. The Persians, Incas, and Tamils (of southern India) also elevated the Sun to the center of their spiritual lives. It was giver of life, holder of all power, an enigma beyond all earthly mysteries. You either bowed to it or just shut up and gawked. 
Bob Berman, “The Sun’s Heartbeat”*
As stargazers, we stop to look up and around, to notice the whereabouts of the Sun and Moon and enjoy orienting ourselves by the location of the planets, stars and constellations. As a society, we are more or less aware of folk festivals, folklore and religious holidays that have their roots in awareness of the Sun’s cycle and the progress of the seasons. Groundhog Day, celebrated on February 2 every year, is a mid-season marker, also known as a cross-quarter day.
Six weeks have elapsed since the Winter Solstice and there are six and one-half weeks until the Spring Equinox on March 20. Valentine’s Day, celebrated annually on February 14, occurs a week and a half closer to the Equinox. Also a cross-quarter day, February 14 was, centuries ago, a day devoted to commemorating the approach of spring.
Groundhog Day draws attention to the Sun and spring, but is an indirect attempt to celebrate the Sun’s increasing power. The event focuses on the sun’s shadow, not the light and warmth experienced by our star’s returning to the northern hemisphere. As societies lose their relationship to nature, the Sun is the “the elephant in the room” during seasonal festivals. Every day this month, there are two to three minutes more sunlight; two to three minutes less darkness. Sunset time is about an hour later than during all of December.
February 10 to 17, 2019, 8 p.m., the Great Bear northeast.
Leo the Lion,east.  Image: Judy Isacoff, Starry Night
In the heavens on February evenings, the great constellation Leo the Lion begins to climb above the eastern horizon. The lion, associated with the Sun in human cultures all over the world, is the harbinger-of-spring constellation. By 8pm, the full figure of the Lion is above the skyline. Blue-white Regulus, Leo’s brightest star, his foot star, is below the curve of his wide, arching mane. Trace a diagonal line to the left and down from Regulus to Denebola, the tip of the Lion’s tail.
Mark your calendar for 5am – 5:30am Monday,February 18,2019 Courtesy EarthSky.org

Make a habit of rising an hour to an hour and a half before dawn to enjoy Venus, the goddess of love and beauty, with lesser magnitude Saturn, below left, and Jupiter, above right.

Refer to https://www.ebroadsheet.com/eyes-sky-january-21-february-3-2019/ Sunrise on the 4th is 7:04am; on the 17th, 6:48am.
Mark your calendar: Venus and Saturn are in conjunction on the 18th: they appear within 1.1 degrees of each other.
*Bob Berman,
The Sun’s Heartbeat and other stories from the life of the star that powers our planet, Little, Brown and Company, New York, 2011, page 7
Judy Isacoff

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