*AD 62 – Earthquake in Pompeii, Italy.
*1597 – A group of early Japanese Christians are killed by the new government of Japan for being seen as a threat to Japanese society.
*1852 – The New Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia, one of the largest and oldest museums in the world, opens to the public.
*1869 – The largest alluvial gold nugget in history, called the “Welcome Stranger”, is found in Moliagul, Victoria, Australia.
*1885 – King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal possession.
*1917 – The Congress of the United States passes the Immigration Act of 1917 over President Woodrow Wilson’s veto.
*1918 – SS Tuscania is torpedoed off the coast of Ireland; it is the first ship carrying American troops to Europe to be torpedoed and sunk.
*1919 – Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and D. W. Griffith launch United Artists.
*1924 – The Royal Greenwich Observatory begins broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal.
*1958 – A hydrogen bomb known as the Tybee Bomb is lost by the US Air Force off the coast of Savannah, Georgia, never to be recovered.
*1971 – Astronauts land on the moon in the Apollo 14 mission.
*2008 – A major tornado outbreak across the Southern United States kills 57.
*1810 – Ole Bull, Norwegian violinist and composer (d. 1880)
*1837 – Dwight L. Moody, American evangelist and publisher, founded Moody Church, Moody Bible Institute, and Moody Publishers (d. 1899)
*1840 – John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish businessman, co-founded Dunlop Rubber (d. 1921)
*1840 – Hiram Maxim, American engineer, invented the Maxim gun (d. 1916)
*1878 – André Citroën, French engineer and businessman, founded Citroën (d. 1935)
*1900 – Adlai Stevenson II, American soldier, politician, and diplomat, 5th United States Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 1965)
*1934 – Hank Aaron, American baseball player
*1944 – Al Kooper, American singer-songwriter and producer
*1790 – William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist (b. 1710)
*1957 – Sami Ibrahim Haddad, Lebanese surgeon and author (b. 1890)
*2008 – Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian guru, founded Transcendental Meditation (b. 1918)
This list is compiled from many internet and other sources of information including wikipedia, the New York Times, a multitude of websites and old books.