1542 – Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo claims California for Spain
1743 – War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria,King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. In was the last time a British monarch would command troops in the field.
1833 – Prudence Crandall, a white woman, arrested for conducting an academy for black females at Canterbury Connecticut
1847 – New York and Boston linked by telegraph wires
1893 – Great stock crash on NY Stock Exchange
1905 – Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship “Potemkin”
1942 – FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off Long Island
1950 – US sends 35 military advisers to South Vietnam
1967 – The world’s first ATM is installed in Enfield, London.
1969 – Police raid Stonewall Bar in Greenwich Village and about 400 to 1,000 patrons riot against police. The Stonewall Inn, site of the Stonewall riots of 1969, which is widely considered to be the single most important event leading to the gay liberation movement in the United States.
1973 – John W Dean tells the Watergate Committee about Nixon’s “enemies list” According to Dean, Colson later compiled hundreds of names on a “master list” which changed constantly. Newsman Daniel Schorr and actor Paul Newman stated, separately, that inclusion on the list was their greatest accomplishment.
1976 – Israeli raid on Entebbe, Uganda
1985 – First hotel strike in New York
2003 – The United States National Do Not Call Registry, formed to combat unwanted telemarketing calls and administered by the Federal Trade Commission, enrolls almost three-quarters of a million phone numbers on
its first day. We all know how that worked out.
1462 – Louis XII, the Just, King of France (1498-1515)
1880 – Helen Keller, Ala, blind-deaf author/lecturer
1899 – Juan Trippe, American airline entrepreneur Juan Terry Trippe was born in 1899, the son of a Wall Street banker.
As a young boy, he witnessed Wilbur Wright’s awe-inspiring 1909 flight around the Statue of Liberty. Early on he began an aviation company that started giving rides at Coney Island but soon would change its name to Pan American as the business grew. In 1956, Pan Am inaugurated the commercial jet age with a nonstop flight from New York to Paris. Trippe’s next project, the 747 Jumbo jet, would likewise be a success. Trippe retired in 1968, and died in 1981.
1930 – H Ross Perot, Texas, millionaire/presidential candidate (1992)
1945 – Norma Kamali, NYC, dress designer
1776 – Thomas Hickey, plan to hand George Washington to British, executed
1844 – Joseph Smith Jr, founder/leader (Mormon Church), shot by mob at 38. At the time he was the mayor of Nauvoo, Illinois and was in jail on charges relating to his ordering the destruction of facilities producing the Nauvoo Expositor, a newspaper whose first and only edition claimed Smith was practicing polygamy and that he intended to set himself up as a theocratic king. While he was in jail an armed mob of men with painted faces stormed the jail and shot him and his brother Hyrum to death. Latter Day Saints generally view Joseph and Hyrum as martyrs.
2001 – Jack Lemmon, American actor (b. 1925)