1492 – The Ensisheim meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, strikes the Earth around noon in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France.
1775 – John Murray, the Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia, starts the first mass emancipation of slaves in North America by issuing Lord Dunmore’s Offer of Emancipation, which offers freedom to slaves who abandoned their colonial masters to fight with Murray and the British.
1811 – The Battle of Tippecanoe is fought near present-day Battle Ground, Indiana, United States.
1837 – In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy is shot dead by a mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.
1874 – A cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper’s Weekly, is considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the United States Republican Party.
1893 – Colorado becomes the second U.S. state to grant women the right to vote.
1907 – Jesús García saves the entire town of Nacozari de García by driving a burning train full of dynamite six kilometers (3.7 miles) away before it can explode.
1908 – Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid are reportedly killed in San Vicente Canton, Bolivia.
1929 – In New York City, the Museum of Modern Art opens to the public.
1933 – Fiorello H. La Guardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City.
1940 – In Tacoma, Washington, the original Tacoma Narrows Bridgecollapses in a windstorm, a mere four months after the bridge’s completion. The collapse is a textbook example of elementary forced resonance.
1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt elected for a record fourth term as President of the United States of America.
Dynamism of a Soccer Player, Umberto Boccioni, housed at the MoMA
1989 – David Dinkins becomes the first African American to be elected Mayor of New York City.
2000 – The Drug Enforcement Administration discovers one of the country’s largest LSD labs inside a converted military missile silo in Wamego, Kansas.
1953 – Erik Balke, Norwegian saxophonist and composer
1988 – Bill Hoest, American cartoonist (b. 1926)