878 – Syracuse is captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily.
1260 – Kublai Khan of the Mongol Empire sends his envoy Hao Jing and two other advisors to the Song Dynasty court of Emperor Lizong of Song; while attempting to negotiate with the Song in order to resolve their conflict, Hao Jing and his fellow emissaries are imprisoned by order of the high Chancellor of China, Jia Sidao.
1602 – Martha’s Vineyard first sighted by Captain Bartholomew Gosnold
1758 – 10 year old Mary Campbell was abducted from her home in Pennsylvania by Lenape Indians during the French and Indian War. While captive, she lived among the family of Chief Netawatwees in the Ohio Valley and was freed six years later in a famous release of captives orchestrated by Colonel Henry Bouquet at the conclusion of Pontiac’s War. Pontiac’s War was a united Indian effort to push the settlers back to the Atlantic but failed miserably. Mary Campbell was a child taken captive during the competition between Britain and France, an adolescent among the Indians as they attempted to reassert their rights to the American landscape and a woman among colonists as they fought to free themselves of the British empire.
1819 – First bicycles (swift walkers) in US introduced in NYC
1846 – First steamship arrives in Hawaii
1881 – American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton
1894 – 22-year-old French Anarchist Émile Henry is executed by guillotine
1906 – Louis H Perlman patents a demountable tire carrying rim for cars
1927 – Lindburgh lands in Paris after first solo air crossing of Atlantic
1929 – Automatic electric stock quotation board installed at the NYSE
1932 – First transatlantic solo flight by a woman Amelia Earhart lands in Ireland
1951 – The opening of the Ninth Street Show, otherwise known as the 9th Street Art Exhibition – a gathering of a number of notable artists, and the stepping-out of the post war New York avant-garde, collectively know as the New York School.
1968 – Nuclear-powered sub USS Scorpion, with 99 men, reported missing is later found at the bottom of the ocean off Azores
1969 – Robert Kennedy’s murderer Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death: later commuted to life imprisonmnet
1970 – National Guard mobilizes to quell disturbances at Ohio State U
1972 – Michelangelo’s Pietà in St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome is damaged by a vandal.
2004 – Sherpa Pemba Dorjie climbs Mount Everest in 8 hours 10 minutes, breaking his rival Sherpa Lakpa Gelu’s record from the previous year.