Today in History

Julius Robert Oppenheimer
“The optimist thinks this is the best of all possible worlds.
 The pessimist fears it is true.”
1145 – 19th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet
1370 – Building begins of Bastille fortress in Paris
1500 – Pedro Alvarez Cabral discovers Brazil and claims it for Portugal
1692 – Edward Bishop is jailed for proposing flogging as cure for witchcraft
1817 – Curacao prohibits use of white paint due to fierce sunlight
1838 – English steamshipSirius” docks in NYC after Atlantic crossing
1897 – Jewish newspaperForward” begins publishing
1914 – Mexico ends diplomatic relations with US
1915 – First military use of poison gas (chlorine, by Germany) in WW I
1951 – Ticker-tape parade for General MacArthur on Broadway
1964 – World’s Fair (Flushing Meadow, Corona Park, NY) opens
1970 – First Earth Day held internationally to conserve natural resources
1981 – 10,000 copper workers in Chile strike
1981 – Almost 1 million West German metal workers in strike
1990 – Lebanon release US hostage Robert Polhill after 39 months
1991 – Intel releases 486SX chip
Mr. Carson__
Asked how he became a star,
 Mr. Carson once replied: “I started in a gaseous state and then I cooled.”

1991 – Johnny Carson announces he will retire in 1992 from hosting the Tonight Show

2000 – In a pre-dawn raid, federal agents seize six-year-old Elián González from his relatives’ home in Miami, Florida.
Birthdays
1707 – Henry Fielding, England, novelist (Tom Jones)
1724 – Immanuel Kant, Konigsberg Germ, philosopher (Critique of Pure Reason)
1904 – Julius Robert Oppenheimer, NY, Manhattan (A-bomb) Project
1922 – Charles Mingus, Arizona, jazz bassist (Pithecanthropus Erectus)
1937 – Jack Nicholson, NJ, actor (One Flew Over Cuckoo’s Nest, Shining)
Deaths
1833 – Richard Trevithick, inventor (steam locomotive), dies at 62
1933 – Frederick Henry Royce, motorcar pioneer, dies
1984 – Ansel Adams, US photographer, dies at 82
1989 – Emilio G. Segrè, Italian physicist and Nobel laureate (discovered the elements technetium, astatine and the sub-atomic antiparticle antiproton), dies at 84 of a heart attack
1989 – Huey Newton, US, Black Panther leader, shot dead at 47
1993 – Cesar Chavez, US farm worker (United Farm Workers), dies at 66
1994 – Richard Nixon, 37th President (1969-75), dies of a stroke at 81
2004 – Pat Tillman, American football player and U.S. Army Ranger (killed in action) (b. 1976)
2013 – Richie Havens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist, dies from a heart attack at 72

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