Today in History

German Airship over Lower Manhattan
1527 – Spanish and German Imperial troops sack Rome; ending Renaissance
1626 – Dutch colonist Peter Minuit ‘buys’ Manhattan Island
1753 – French King Louis XV observes transit of Mercury at Mendon Castle
1833 – John Deere makes first steel plough
1835 – James Gordon Bennett, Sr. publishes the first issue of the New York Herald (price 1 cent).
1840 – First postage stamps (Penny Black) issued in Great Britain
1861 – Arkansas and Tennessee secede from US
1914 – British House of Lords rejects women suffrage
The German passenger airship LZ 129 Hindenburg caught fire and was destroyed during its attempt to dock at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station, Lakehurst, New Jersey.
1937 – German airship Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, New Jersey
1938 – Dutch writer Maurits Dekker sentenced to 50 days for “offending a friendly head of state”  who happened to be Adolf Hitler
1940 – Pulitzer prize awarded to John Steinbeck for Grapes of Wrath
1941 – Joseph Stalin becomes premier of Russia
1957 – Pulitzer prize awarded to John F. Kennedy  for Profiles in Courage
1987 – Gary Hart denies affair with model Donna Rice
1996 – The body of former CIA director William Colby is found washed upon a riverbank in southern Maryland, eight days after he disappeared.
2001 – During a trip to Syria, Pope John Paul II becomes the first pope to enter a mosque.
2013 – The Senate passes a bill enabling taxing of online sales
Birthdays
1829 – Phoebe Ann Coffin, First female ordained minister in New England
1856 – Robert Edwin Peary, US, arctic explorer (North Pole-Apr 6 1909)
1856 – Sigmund Freud, Freiberg in Mähren, Moravia, Austrian neurologist and father of psychology, (d. 1939)
1895 – Rudolph Valentino, Castellaneta Italy, sheik/actor (Eagle)
1903 – Toots Shor, New York restaurateur (d. 1977)
1915 – George Perle, Bayonne New Jersey, composer (12 Tone Tonality)
1915 – Orson Welles [George], Kenosha Wisc, actor (Citizen Kane, War of the Worlds), (d. 1985)
1915 – Theodore H White, historian/writer (Making of President)
1916 – Adriana Caselotti, animation voice (Show White)
1931 – Willie Mays, Westfield Alabama, baseball centerfielder (Giants, NY Mets), “Say Hey Kid” (660 HRs, MVP 1954)
anniversaries
1950 – Elizabeth Taylor (18) marries for the first time to hotel heir Conrad “Nicky” Hilton (23)
Deaths
1124 – Balak, Emir of Aleppo, murdered
1502 – James Tyrrell, alleged murderer of the Princes in the Tower (executed)
1642 – Frans Francken, the Younger, Flemish painter, dies on 61st birthday
1862 – Henry David Thoreau,  writer/pacifist (Walden Pond), dies at 44
1864 – Micah Jenkins, Confederate brig-general (friendly fire), dies at 28
1987 – William J Casey, director of CIA (1981-87), dies at 73
1992 – Marlene Dietrich, [Maria Losch], actress (Angel), dies in Paris at 90

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