1713 – Peace of Utrecht; France cedes Maritime provinces to Britain – English, Prussian, Savoois, Portuguese & French peace treaty
The last execution for witchcraft in Germany takes place.
Records show that Anna Maria Schwiigel was the last legally executed person in Bavaria for the crime of believing in a competing religion.
1865 – Abraham Lincoln urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction
1868 – The Shogunate is abolished in Japan.
1890 – Ellis Island designated as an immigration station
1906 – Albert Einstein introduces his Theory of Relativity
1941 – Germany blitzes Conventry, England
1951 – President Harry Truman fires General Douglas McArthur
1961 – Bob Dylan makes his first appearanceat Folk City, Greenwich Village
1986 – Dodge Morgan sailed solo nonstop around world in 150 days
1986 – Halley’s Comet makes closest approach to Earth
2002 – An attempted coup d’état takes place in Venezuela against President Hugo Chávez
2006 – Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that Iran has successfully enriched uranium.
2013 – Two women are beheaded for sorcery in Bougainville, Papua New Guinea
2013 – Fossilized dinosaur eggs with embryos are discovered in China
1866 – Carla Ford, wife of Henry Ford
1869 – Kasturba Gandhi, wife of Mohandas Gandhi (d. 1944)
1890 – Donna Rachele Mussolini, wife of Benito Mussolini (d. 1979)
1925 – Ethel Kennedy, wife of Bobby
1875 – Heinrich Schwabe, discoverer (11-year sunspot cycle), dies
1890 – Joseph Merrick, “The Elephant Man” (b. 1862)
1906 – James A Bailey, circus showman (Barnum & Bailey), dies at 58
1987 – Primo Levi, Italy, chemist/writer (Survival in Auschwitz), dies at 67
2007 – Kurt Vonnegut Jr, American author, dies from head trauma at 84
Vonnegut published 14 novels, three short story collections, five plays, and five works of non-fiction, with further collections being published after his death.