1542 – Princess Mary Stuart becomes Queen of Scots at the age of only one week on the death of her father, James V of Scotland.
1780 – Founding Father Alexander Hamilton marries Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton at the Schuyler Mansion in Albany, New York
1900 – Max Planck presents a theoretical derivation of his black-body radiation law.
1902 – The Commercial Pacific Cable Company lays the first Pacific telegraph cable, from San Francisco to Honolulu.
1903 – The Wright brothers make their first attempt to fly with the Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
1911 – Roald Amundsen’s team, comprising himself, Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, and Oscar Wisting, becomes the first to reach the South Pole.
1918 – The 1918 United Kingdom general election occurred, the first where women were permitted to vote.
Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton, founder of the first private orphanage in New York City
1940 – Plutonium is first isolated at Berkeley, California.
1964 – Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that Congress can use the Constitution’s Commerce Clause to fight discrimination.
2008 – Muntadhar al-Zaidi throws his shoes at then-U.S. President George W. Bush during a press conference in Baghdad, Iraq.
2017 – The Federal Communications Commission voted to repeal net neutrality with a 3-2 majority.
1922 – Don Hewitt, American journalist and producer, created 60 Minutes (d. 2009)
1943 – John Harvey Kellogg, American physician and businessman, co-invented corn flakes (b. 1852)