1606 – The ships Susan Constant, Godspeed, and Discovery depart England carrying settlers who founded, at Jamestown, Virginia, the first of the thirteen colonies that became the United States.
1776 – Thomas Paine publishes one of a series of pamphlets in The Pennsylvania Journal entitled “The American Crisis”.
1777 – George Washington’s Continental Army goes into winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
1907 – Two hundred thirty-nine coal miners die in the Darr Mine Disaster in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania.
1929 – The Indian National Congress promulgates the Purna Swaraj – the Declaration of the Independence of India.
1932 – BBC World Service begins broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service.
1972 – The last manned lunar flight, Apollo 17, crewed by Eugene Cernan, Ronald Evans, and Harrison Schmitt, returns to Earth.
1974 – Nelson Rockefeller is sworn in as Vice President of the United States under President Gerald Ford under the provisions of the 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution.
1995 – The United States Government restores federal recognition to the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi tribe.
1849 – Henry Clay Frick, American businessman and financier (d. 1919)
1929 – Bob Brookmeyer, American trombonist, pianist, and composer (d. 2011)
1813 – James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist, founded McGill University (b. 1744)
2000 – John Lindsay, American lawyer and politician, 103rd Mayor of New York City (b. 1921)
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