1076 – Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
1804 – Karađorđe leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.
1849 – In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes the first serving President of the United States to have his photograph taken.
1876 – Alexander Graham Bell applies for a patent for the telephone, as does Elisha Gray.
1912 – Arizona is admitted as the 48th and the last contiguous U.S. state.
1912 – The U.S. Navy commissions its first class of diesel-powered submarines.
1924 – The Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company changes its name to International Business Machines Corporation (IBM).
1929 – Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre: Seven people, six of them gangster rivals of Al Capone’s gang, are murdered in Chicago
1945 – World War II: On the first day of the bombing of Dresden, the British Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces begin fire-bombing Dresden.
1945 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt meets with King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia aboard the USS Quincy, officially beginning U.S.-Saudi diplomatic relations.
1989 – Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 million to the Indian government for damages it caused in the 1984 Bhopal disaster.
2005 – YouTube is launched by a group of college students, eventually becoming the largest video sharing website in the world and a main source for viral videos.
2011 – As a part of Arab Spring, the Bahraini uprising begins with a ‘Day of Rage’.
1545 – Lucrezia de’ Medici, Duchess of Ferrara (d. 1561)
1894 – Jack Benny, American actor and producer (d. 1974)
1913 – Jimmy Hoffa, American trade union leader (d. 1975)
1917 – Herbert A. Hauptman, American mathematician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
1942 – Michael Bloomberg, American businessman and politician, 108th Mayor of New York City
1140 – Leo I, Prince of Armenia
1779 – James Cook, English captain, cartographer, and explorer (b. 1728)
1975 – P. G. Wodehouse, English novelist and playwright (b. 1881)
1999 – John Ehrlichman, American lawyer and politician, 12th White House Counsel (b. 1925)
This list is compiled from many internet and other sources of information including wikipedia, the New York Times, a multitude of websites and old books.
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