705 – Empress Wu Zetian abdicates the throne, restoring the Tang dynasty.
1371 – Robert II becomes King of Scotland, beginning the Stuart dynasty.
1632 – Galileo’s Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published.
1651 – St. Peter’s Flood: A storm surge floods the Frisian coast, drowning 15,000 people.
1856 – The Republican Party opens its first national convention in Pittsburgh.
1872 – The Prohibition Party holds its first national convention in Columbus, Ohio, nominating James Black as its presidential nominee.
1879 – In Utica, New York, Frank Woolworth opens the first of many of five-and-dime Woolworth stores.
1924 – President Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President to deliver a radio address from the White House.
1959 – Lee Petty wins the first Daytona 500.
1983 – The notorious Broadway flop Moose Murders opens and closes on the same night at the Eugene O’Neill Theatre.
1994 – Aldrich Ames and his wife are charged by the United States Department of Justice with spying for the Soviet Union.
1997 – In Roslin, Midlothian, British scientists announce that an adult sheep named Dolly has been successfully cloned.
1732 – George Washington, first President of the United States (d. 1799)
1857 – Heinrich Hertz, German physicist, philosopher, and academic (d. 1894)
1892 – Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet and playwright (d. 1950)
1925 – Edward Gorey, American illustrator and poet (d. 2000)
1932 – Ted Kennedy (d. 2009)
1949 – Niki Lauda, Austrian race car driver
1955 – David Axelrod, American journalist and political adviser
1956 – Hugh Hewitt, American lawyer, academic, and radio host
1111 – Roger Borsa, king of Sicily (b. 1078)
1512 – Amerigo Vespucci, Italian cartographer and explorer (b. 1454)
1890 – John Jacob Astor III, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1822)
1965 – Felix Frankfurter, Austrian-American lawyer and jurist (b. 1882)
1987 – Andy Warhol, American painter and photographer (b. 1928)
2002 – Chuck Jones, animator, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1912)
This list is compiled from many internet and other sources of information including wikipedia, the New York Times, a multitude of websites and old books.
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