Today in History May 13

Pope Paul Vl moments after he was shot
609 – Pope Boniface I turns Pantheon in Rome into a Catholic church
1110 – Crusaders march into Beirut causing a bloodbath
1497 – Pope Alexander VI (Rodrigo Borgia) excommunicated Girolamo Savonarola an Italian Dominican friar and an influential contributor to the politics of Florence. He vehemently preached against the moral corruption of much of the clergy at the time, and his main opponent was Rodrigo Borgia.
1559 – Exhumed corpse of heretic David Jorisz burned in Basel
1607 – English colonists, led by John Smith, land near James River in Virginia
1643 – Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago Chile; kills 1/3 of population
1940 – Churchill says I have nothing to offer but “blood, toil, tears and sweat”
1950 – Diners Club issues its first credit cards
1950 – The first round of the Formula 1 World Championship is held at Silverstone.
The Rolling Stones

1965 – Rolling Stones record “Satisfaction

1979 – Shah of Iran and family sentenced to death in Teheran
1981 – Pope John Paul II is shot and critically wounded by Turkish gunman Mehemet Ali Agca in St Peter’s Square, Vatican City
1992 – Three astronauts simultaneous walked in space for the first time
Birthdays
1729 – Henry William (Baron) Stiegel, early American glassmaker
1856 – Peter Henry Emerson, First to promote photography as an independent art
1882 – Georges Braque, Argenteuil, Val-d’Oise, French cubist painter and sculptor
1914 – Joe Louis, world heavyweight boxing champion (1937-49)
1931 – Jim Jones, Leader of Peoples Temple cult, (Jonestown Massacre)
1939 – Harvey Keitel, actor (Taxi Driver, Pulp Fiction, Reservoir Dogs)
1950 – Stevie Wonder,  Michigan,  singer-songwriter
1961 – Dennis Rodman,  New Jersey, NBA forward (Chicago Bulls)
Deaths
1835 – John Nash, British town planner/architect (Regent’s Park)
1884 – Cyrus Hall McCormick, inventor
1882 – Jules-Nicolas Crevaux, French explorer, murdered at 35
1930 – Fridtjof Nansen, Arctic explorer/diplomat (Nobel 1922), dies at 68
1962 – Franz Jozef Kline, US expressionist painter, dies at 51
1962 – H Trendley Dean, doctor (introduced fluoridation into water)

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