Today in History May 15

Three Flags by Jasper Johns, 1958.
Whitney Museum of American Art in New York.
1004 – Henry II the Saint crowned King of Italy
1252 – Pope Innocent IV issues the papal bull ad exstirpanda, which authorizes, but also limits, the torture of heretics in the Medieval Inquisition. Ad extirpanda
authorized in limited and defined circumstances the use of torture by the Inquisition for eliciting confessions from heretics.
1602 – Cape Cod discovered by English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold
1672 – First copyright law enacted by Massachusetts
1718 – James Puckle, a London lawyer, patents world’s first machine gun
1793 – Diego Marín Aguilera flies a glider for “about 360 meters”, at a height of 5-6 meters, during one of the first attempted flights.
1800 – King George III survives a 2nd assassination attempt
1817 – Opening of the first private mental health hospital in the United States, the Asylum for the Relief of Persons Deprived of the Use of Their Reason (now Friends Hospital) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1862 – The Confederate ship Alabama was launched as the Enrica at Birkenhead, England, where she had been built in secret. Tasked with helping the South in the American Civil War her mission was to disrupt and attack Union merchant and naval vessels. She was sunk in battle by the USS Kearsarge in June 1864 at the Battle of Cherbourg outside the port of Cherbourg, France.
1905 – Las Vegas, Nevada founded
1918 – First airmail postal service between New York City, Philadelphia and   Washington. DC
1934 – Department of Justice offers $25,000 reward for Dillinger, dead or alive
1935 – The Moscow Metro is opened to public
1940 – McDonald’s opens its first restaurant in San Bernardino, California
1942 – Gasoline first rationed in US (17 Eastern States)
Field Marshal Montgomery briefing King George VI on battle plans
1944 – Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill and King George VI discuss D-Day plan
1958 – USSR launches Sputnik III
1960 – Taxes took 25% of earnings in US
1963 – Last Project Mercury flight,  Gordon Cooper in Faith 7, launched
1963 – Peter, Paul and Mary win their first Grammy (If I Had a Hammer)
1972 – Assassination attempt on Governor George Wallace of Alabama by Arthur Bremer in Laurel, Maryland
1980 – First trans-US balloon crossing
1991 – President Bush takes Queen Elizabeth to Oakland A’s-Baltimore  Oriole game
2010 – Jessica Watson becomes the youngest person to sail, non-stop and unassisted around the world solo
Birthdays
1565 – Henrick de Keyser, architect/master builder of Amsterdam
1856 – Lyman Frank Baum, NY, children’s book author (Wizard of Oz)
1910 – Robert F Wagner, (NYC Mayor, 1949-65)
1915 – Gus Viseur, French button accordionist (d. 1974)
1923 – Richard Avedon, photographer (1957 ASMP award)
1955: Jasper Johns in his Pearl Street studio he shared with Robert Rauschenberg
1930 – Jasper Johns, Augusta, Ga, painter/sculptor
Deaths
392 – Valentinianus II, emperor of Rome (375-392), murdered at 21
1591 – Dmitry Ivanovitch, youngest son of Russian Tsar Ivan IV, murdered at 8
1621 – Henrick de Keyser, Amsterdam’s master builder, dies at 56
1760 – Alaungpaya, King of Burma (b. 1711)
1886 – Emily Dickinson, US poet, dies at 55
1926 – Mohammed VI Vahideddin, last sultan of Turkey (1918-22), dies
1935 – Kazimir Malevich, Polish/Ukrainian artist (b. 1878)
1967 – Edward Hopper, US painter (House by Railroad), dies at 84
2007 – Jerry Falwell, American evangelist (b. 1933)
This information was culled from various internet sources, including Wikipedia, the New York Times and other special interest sites.

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