Today in History
1343 – A tsunami, caused by an earthquake in the Tyrrhenian Sea, devastates Naples and the Maritime Republic of Amalfi, among other places.
1487 – Elizabeth of York is crowned Queen of England. The new consort of King Henry VII travelled by barge from Greenwich to the Tower of London, whence she processed the day before the ceremony to the royal palace, and on to Westminster Abbey for her coronation, which was conducted by John Morton, Archbishop of Canterbury.
1491 – The siege of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, ends with the Treaty of Granada.
1667 – A deadly earthquake rocks Shemakha in the Caucasus, killing 80,000 people.
1783 – American Revolutionary War: The last British troops leave New York City three months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
1833 – A massive undersea earthquake, estimated magnitude between 8.7-9.2, rocks Sumatra, producing a tsunami all along the Indonesian coast.
1864 – American Civil War: A group of Confederate operatives calling themselves the Confederate Army of Manhattan starts fires in more than 20 locations in an unsuccessful attempt to burn down New York City.
1915 – Albert Einstein presents the field equations of general relativity to the Prussian Academy of Sciences.
1926 – The deadliest November tornado outbreak in U.S. history kills 76 people and injures more than 400.
1950 – The Great Appalachian Storm of November 1950 impacts 22 American states, killing 353 people, injuring over 160, and causing US$66.7 million in damages (1950 dollars).
1963 – John F. Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C.
1963 – Lee Harvey Oswald is buried in Fort Worth, Texas.
1986 – Iran-Contra affair: U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese announces that profits from covert weapons sales to Iran were illegally diverted to the anti-communist Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
2000 – The 2000 Baku earthquake, with a Richter magnitude of 7.0, leaves 26 people dead in Baku, Azerbaijan, and becomes the strongest earthquake in the region in 158 years.
1666 – Giuseppe Giovanni Battista Guarneri, Italian violin maker (d. 1740)
1835 – Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1919)
1844 – Karl Benz, German engineer and businessman, founded Mercedes-Benz (d. 1929)
1881 – Pope John XXIII (d. 1963)
1896 – Virgil Thomson, American composer and critic (d. 1989)
1914 – Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player and coach (d. 1999)
1924 – Paul Desmond, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1977)
1865 – Heinrich Barth, German explorer and scholar (b. 1821)
1885 – Thomas A. Hendricks, American lawyer and politician, 21st Vice President of the United States (b. 1819)
Who was the 21st President? Chester A. Arthur
1968 – Upton Sinclair, American novelist, critic, and essayist (b. 1878)
1974 – U Thant, Burmese lawyer and diplomat, 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations (b. 1909)
2016 – Fidel Castro, Communist leader of Cuba, and revolutionary (b. 1926)
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